Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) uses convolutional layers to explore spatial/temporal adjacency to construct new feature representations. So, CNN is commonly used for data with strong temporal/spatial correlations, but cannot be directly applied to generic learning tasks. In this paper, we propose to enable CNN for learning from generic data to improve classification accuracy. To take the full advantage of CNN’s feature learning power, we propose to convert each instance of the original dataset into a synthetic matrix/image format. To maximize the correlation in the constructed matrix/image, we use 0/1 optimization to reorder features and ensure that the ones with strong correlations are adjacent to each other. By using a feature reordering matrix, we are able to create a synthetic image to represent each instance. Because the constructed synthetic image preserves the original feature values and correlation, CNN can be applied to learn effective features for classification. Experiments and comparisons, on 22 benchmark datasets, demonstrate clear performance gain of applying CNN to generic datasets, compared to conventional machine learning methods. Furthermore, our method consistently outperforms approaches which directly apply CNN to generic datasets in naive ways. This research allows deep learning to be broadly applied to generic datasets.
Learning Convolutional Neural Networks from Ordered Features of Generic Data
Convolutional neural networks (CNN) have become very popular for computer vision, text, and sequence tasks. CNNs have the advantage of being able to learn local patterns through convolution filters. However, generic datasets do not have meaningful local data correlations, because their features are assumed to be independent of each other. In this paper, we propose an approach to reorder features of a generic dataset to create feature correlations for CNN to learn feature representation, and use learned features as inputs to help improve traditional machine learning classifiers. Our experiments on benchmark data exhibit increased performance and illustrate the benefits of using CNNs for generic datasets.
- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- The 17th IEEE International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications (ICMLA)
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 897 to 900
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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