In the Korteweg–de Vries equation (KdV) context, we put forward a continuous version of the binary Darboux transformation (aka the double commutation method). Our approach is based on the Riemann–Hilbert problem and yields a new explicit formula for perturbation of the negative spectrum of a wide class of step‐type potentials without changing the rest of the scattering data. This extends the previously known formulas for inserting/removing finitely many bound states to arbitrary sets of negative spectrum of arbitrary nature. In the KdV context, our method offers same benefits as the classical binary Darboux transformation does.
We formulate the inverse spectral theory of infinite gap Hill’s operators with bounded periodic potentials as a Riemann–Hilbert problem on a typically infinite collection of spectral bands and gaps. We establish a uniqueness theorem for this Riemann–Hilbert problem, which provides a new route to establishing unique determination of periodic potentials from spectral data. As the potentials evolve according to the Korteweg–de Vries Equation (KdV) equation, we use integrability to derive an associated Riemann–Hilbert problem with explicit time dependence. Basic principles from the theory of Riemann–Hilbert problems yield a new characterization of spectra for periodic potentials in terms of the existence of a solution to a scalar Riemann–Hilbert problem, and we derive a similar condition on the spectrum for the temporal periodicity for an evolution under the KdV equation.
more » « less Award ID(s):
 1715323
 NSFPAR ID:
 10123225
 Publisher / Repository:
 Oxford University Press
 Date Published:
 Journal Name:
 International Mathematics Research Notices
 ISSN:
 10737928
 Format(s):
 Medium: X
 Sponsoring Org:
 National Science Foundation
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