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Title: A 1.51 V pH neutral redox flow battery towards scalable energy storage
Aqueous redox flow batteries using low-cost organic and inorganic active materials have received growing interest for sustainable energy storage. In this study, a low-cost, high redox potential (1.08 V vs. NHE) and high capacity ammonium bromide (NH 4 Br, 214.4 A h L −1 ) catholyte was coupled with an organic viologen anolyte to demonstrate 1.51 V high voltage (SPr) 2 V/Br − aqueous redox flow batteries under pH neutral conditions for the first time. Benefitting from the high water solubility of both the NH 4 Br catholyte and (SPr) 2 V anolyte, the newly designed (SPr) 2 V/Br − organic flow battery was operated at up to 1.5 M and an energy density of up to 30.4 W h L −1 . Using multiwall carbon nanotubes as an electrochemical additive for the Br 3 − /Br − redox couple, the highly energy dense (SPr) 2 V/Br − flow battery manifested outstanding current performance, up to 78% energy efficiency at 40 mA cm −2 current density and 227 mW cm −2 power density, the highest power density known for pH neutral organic flow batteries.
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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
9130 to 9136
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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