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Title: Crystal growth and structural analysis of perovskite chalcogenide BaZrS 3 and Ruddlesden–Popper phase Ba 3 Zr 2 S 7
Perovskite chalcogenides are gaining substantial interest as an emerging class of semiconductors for optoelectronic applications. High-quality samples are of vital importance to examine their inherent physical properties. We report the successful crystal growth of the model system, BaZrS 3 and its Ruddlesden–Popper phase Ba 3 Zr 2 S 7 by a flux method. X-ray diffraction analyses showed the space group of Pnma with lattice constants of a = 7.056(3) Å, b = 9.962(4) Å, and c = 6.996(3) Å for BaZrS 3 and P 4 2 / mnm with a = 7.071(2) Å, b = 7.071(2) Å, and c = 25.418(5) Å for Ba 3 Zr 2 S 7 . Rocking curves with full width at half maximum of 0.011° for BaZrS 3 and 0.027° for Ba 3 Zr 2 S 7 were observed. Pole figure analysis, scanning transmission electron microscopy images, and electron diffraction patterns also establish the high quality of the grown crystals. The octahedral tilting in the corner-sharing octahedral network is analyzed by extracting the torsion angles.  more » « less
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Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Research
Page Range / eLocation ID:
3819 to 3826
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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