Exchange biased anomalous Hall effect driven by frustration in a magnetic kagome lattice
Abstract

Co$$_{3}$$${}_{3}$Sn$$_{2}$$${}_{2}$S$$_{2}$$${}_{2}$is a ferromagnetic Weyl semimetal that has been the subject of intense scientific interest due to its large anomalous Hall effect. We show that the coupling of this material’s topological properties to its magnetic texture leads to a strongly exchange biased anomalous Hall effect. We argue that this is likely caused by the coexistence of ferromagnetism and geometric frustration intrinsic to the kagome network of magnetic ions, giving rise to spin-glass behavior and an exchange bias.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10154187
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Volume:
11
Issue:
1
ISSN:
2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
National Science Foundation
##### More Like this
1. Abstract

Kondo insulators are expected to transform into metals under a sufficiently strong magnetic field. The closure of the insulating gap stems from the coupling of a magnetic field to the electron spin, yet the required strength of the magnetic field–typically of order 100 T–means that very little is known about this insulator-metal transition. Here we show that Ce$${}_{3}$$${}_{3}$Bi$${}_{4}$$${}_{4}$Pd$${}_{3}$$${}_{3}$, owing to its fortuitously small gap, provides an ideal Kondo insulator for this investigation. A metallic Fermi liquid state is established above a critical magnetic field of only$${B}_{{\rm{c}}}\approx$$${B}_{c}\approx$11 T. A peak in the strength of electronic correlations near$${B}_{{\rm{c}}}$$${B}_{c}$, which is evidentmore »

2. Abstract

We study the structure of the Liouville quantum gravity (LQG) surfaces that are cut out as one explores a conformal loop-ensemble$$\hbox {CLE}_{\kappa '}$$${\text{CLE}}_{{\kappa }^{\prime }}$for$$\kappa '$$${\kappa }^{\prime }$in (4, 8) that is drawn on an independent$$\gamma$$$\gamma$-LQG surface for$$\gamma ^2=16/\kappa '$$${\gamma }^{2}=16/{\kappa }^{\prime }$. The results are similar in flavor to the ones from our companion paper dealing with$$\hbox {CLE}_{\kappa }$$${\text{CLE}}_{\kappa }$for$$\kappa$$$\kappa$in (8/3, 4), where the loops of the CLE are disjoint and simple. In particular, we encode the combined structure of the LQG surface and the$$\hbox {CLE}_{\kappa '}$$${\text{CLE}}_{{\kappa }^{\prime }}$in terms of stable growth-fragmentation trees or their variants, which also appear in the asymptotic study of peeling processes onmore »

3. Abstract

Although the frustrated (zigzag) spin chain is the Drosophila of frustrated magnetism, our understanding of a pair of coupled zigzag chains (frustrated spin ladder) in a magnetic field is still lacking. We address this problem through nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments on BiCu$$_2$$${}_{2}$PO$$_6$$${}_{6}$in magnetic fields up to 45 T, revealing a field-induced spiral magnetic structure. Conjointly, we present advanced numerical calculations showing that even a moderate rung coupling dramatically simplifies the phase diagram below half-saturation magnetization by stabilizing a field-induced chiral phase. Surprisingly for a one-dimensional model, this phase and its response to Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interactions adhere to classical expectations.more »

4. Abstract

Hemiwicking is the phenomena where a liquid wets a textured surface beyond its intrinsic wetting length due to capillary action and imbibition. In this work, we derive a simple analytical model for hemiwicking in micropillar arrays. The model is based on the combined effects of capillary action dictated by interfacial and intermolecular pressures gradients within the curved liquid meniscus and fluid drag from the pillars at ultra-low Reynolds numbers$${\boldsymbol{(}}{{\bf{10}}}^{{\boldsymbol{-}}{\bf{7}}}{\boldsymbol{\lesssim }}{\bf{Re}}{\boldsymbol{\lesssim }}{{\bf{10}}}^{{\boldsymbol{-}}{\bf{3}}}{\boldsymbol{)}}$$$\left({10}^{-7}\lesssim \mathrm{Re}\lesssim {10}^{-3}\right)$. Fluid drag is conceptualized via a critical Reynolds number:$${\bf{Re}}{\boldsymbol{=}}\frac{{{\bf{v}}}_{{\bf{0}}}{{\bf{x}}}_{{\bf{0}}}}{{\boldsymbol{\nu }}}$$$\mathrm{Re}=\frac{{v}_{0}{x}_{0}}{\nu }$, wherev0corresponds to the maximum wetting speed on a flat, dry surface andx0is the extension length of the liquidmore »

5. Abstract

We present a proof of concept for a spectrally selective thermal mid-IR source based on nanopatterned graphene (NPG) with a typical mobility of CVD-grown graphene (up to 3000$$\hbox {cm}^2\,\hbox {V}^{-1}\,\hbox {s}^{-1}$$${\text{cm}}^{2}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}{\text{V}}^{-1}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}{\text{s}}^{-1}$), ensuring scalability to large areas. For that, we solve the electrostatic problem of a conducting hyperboloid with an elliptical wormhole in the presence of anin-planeelectric field. The localized surface plasmons (LSPs) on the NPG sheet, partially hybridized with graphene phonons and surface phonons of the neighboring materials, allow for the control and tuning of the thermal emission spectrum in the wavelength regime from$$\lambda =3$$$\lambda =3$to 12$$\upmu$$$\mu$m by adjusting themore »