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Title: Energy-Efficient Node Deployment in Wireless Ad-hoc Sensor Networks
We study a wireless ad-hoc sensor network (WASN) where N sensors gather data from the surrounding environment and transmit their sensed information to M fusion centers (FCs) via multi-hop wireless communications. This node deployment problem is formulated as an optimization problem to make a trade-off between the sensing uncertainty and energy consumption of the network. Our primary goal is to find an optimal deployment of sensors and FCs that minimizes a Lagrangian combination of sensing uncertainty and energy consumption. To support arbitrary routing protocols in WASNs, the routing dependent necessary conditions for the optimal deployment are explored. Based on these necessary conditions, we propose a routing-aware Lloyd-like algorithm to optimize node deployment. Simulation results show that our proposed algorithm outperforms the existing deployment algorithms, on average.
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IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC-20)
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National Science Foundation
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