Controlled feature selection and compressive big data analytics: Applications to biomedical and health studies.
The theoretical foundations of Big Data Science are not fully developed, yet. This study proposes a new scalable framework for Big Data representation, high-throughput analytics (variable selection and noise reduction), and model-free inference. Specifically, we explore the core principles of distribution-free and model-agnostic methods for scientific inference based on Big Data sets. Compressive Big Data analytics (CBDA) iteratively generates random (sub)samples from a big and complex dataset. This subsampling with replacement is conducted on the feature and case levels and results in samples that are not necessarily consistent or congruent across iterations. The approach relies on an ensemble predictor wheremore »