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Title: Fast luminescence from rare-earth-codoped BaSiF 6 nanowires with high aspect ratios
Inorganic materials with short radiative decay time are highly desirable for fast optical sensors. This paper reports fast photoluminescence (PL) from a series of barium hexafluorosilicate (BaSiF 6 ) superlong nanowires with high aspect ratios, codoped with Ce 3+ /Tb 3+ /Eu 3+ ions, with a subnanosecond decay time. Solvothermally synthesized BaSiF 6 nanowires exhibit a uniform morphology, with an average diameter less than 40 nm and aspect ratios of over several hundreds, grown in the c -axis direction with {110} surfaces. The PL emission from the codoped BaSiF 6 nanowires, when excited by a 254 nm source, is dependent on Tb 3+ concentration, and the energy transfer from Ce 3+ to Tb 3+ and to Eu 3+ ions allows efficient emissions in the visible spectra when excited by a near UV source. Annealing BaSiF 6 nanowires at 600 °C in a vacuum produced barium fluoride (BaF 2 ) nanowires composed of nanocrystals. Both BaSiF 6 and BaF 2 nanowires exhibit fast emissions in the visible spectra, with enhanced intensities compared with their codoped microparticle counterparts. The decay time of codoped BaSiF 6 nanowires is found to be shorter than that of codoped BaF 2 nanowires. The energy transfer is also observed in their cathodoluminescence spectra with high-energy irradiation.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
1626376 1719511 1436120
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry C
Page Range / eLocation ID:
7285 to 7294
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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