Every finite graph admits a simple (topological) drawing, that is, a drawing where every pair of edges intersects in at most one point. However, in combination with other restrictions simple drawings do not universally exist. For instance, k-planar graphs are those graphs that can be drawn so that every edge has at most k crossings (i.e., they admit a k-plane drawing). It is known that for k≤3 , every k-planar graph admits a k-plane simple drawing. But for k≥4 , there exist k-planar graphs that do not admit a k-plane simple drawing. Answering a question by Schaefer, we show that there exists a function Open image in new window such that every k-planar graph admits an f(k)-plane simple drawing, for all Open image in new window. Note that the function f depends on k only and is independent of the size of the graph. Furthermore, we develop an algorithm to show that every 4-planar graph admits an 8-plane simple drawing.
The Turing Test for Graph Drawing Algorithms
Do algorithms for drawing graphs pass theTuringTest?That is, are their outputs indistinguishable from graphs drawn by humans? We address this question through a human-centred experiment, focusing on ‘small’ graphs, of a size for which it would be reasonable for someone to choose to draw the graph manually. Overall, we find that hand-drawn layouts can be distinguished from those generated by graph drawing algorithms, although this is not always the case for graphs drawn by force- directed or multi-dimensional scaling algorithms, making these good candidates for Turing Test success. We show that, in general, hand-drawn graphs are judged to be of higher quality than automatically generated ones, although this result varies with graph size and algorithm.
- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- 28th International Symposium on Graph Drawing and Network Visualization (GD)
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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