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Title: Closing the Wearable Gap—Part IV: 3D Motion Capture Cameras Versus Soft Robotic Sensors Comparison of Gait Movement Assessment
The purpose of this study was to use 3D motion capture and stretchable soft robotic sensors (SRS) to collect foot-ankle movement on participants performing walking gait cycles on flat and sloped surfaces. The primary aim was to assess differences between 3D motion capture and a new SRS-based wearable solution. Given the complex nature of using a linear solution to accurately quantify the movement of triaxial joints during a dynamic gait movement, 20 participants performing multiple walking trials were measured. The participant gait data was then upscaled (for the SRS), time-aligned (based on right heel strikes), and smoothed using filtering methods. A multivariate linear model was developed to assess goodness-of-fit based on mean absolute error (MAE; 1.54), root mean square error (RMSE; 1.96), and absolute R2 (R2; 0.854). Two and three SRS combinations were evaluated to determine if similar fit scores could be achieved using fewer sensors. Inversion (based on MAE and RMSE) and plantar flexion (based on R2) sensor removal provided second-best fit scores. Given that the scores indicate a high level of fit, with further development, an SRS-based wearable solution has the potential to measure motion during gait- based tasks with the accuracy of a 3D motion capture system.  more » « less
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National Science Foundation
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