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Title: Graphs with Tunable Chromatic Numbers for Parallel Coloring
We consider how to generate graphs of arbitrary size whose chromatic numbers can be chosen (or are well-bounded) for testing graph coloring algorithms on parallel computers. For the distance-1 graph coloring problem, we identify three classes of graphs with this property. The first is the Erdős-Rényi random graph with prescribed expected degree, where the chromatic number is known with high probability. It is also known that the Greedy algorithm colors this graph using at most twice the number of colors as the chromatic number. The second is a random geometric graph embedded in hyperbolic space where the size of the maximum clique provides a tight lower bound on the chromatic number. The third is a deterministic graph described by Mycielski, where the graph is recursively constructed such that its chromatic number is known and increases with graph size, although the size of the maximum clique remains two. For Jacobian estimation, we bound the distance-2 chromatic number of random bipartite graphs by considering its equivalence to distance-1 coloring of an intersection graph. We use a “balls and bins” probabilistic analysis to establish a lower bound and an upper bound on the distance-2 chromatic number. The regimes of graph sizes and probabilities that we consider are chosen to suit the Jacobian estimation problem, where the number of columns and rows are asymptotically nearly equal, and have number of nonzeros linearly related to the number of columns. Computationally we verify the theoretical predictions and show that the graphs are often be colored optimally by the serial and parallel Greedy algorithms.  more » « less
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SIAM 2020 Workshop on Combinatorial Scientific Computing
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Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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