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Title: Suppressing alkali-silica reaction through incorporation of calcined kaolinite–montmorillonite clay blends
Cement substitution with calcined kaolinite–montmorillonite clay blends as an effective way to suppress alkali-silica reaction in cement composites containing reactive aggregates is investigated. Expansion, cracking behavior, mechanical properties and microstructure of the cement composites were investigated. Hydration of the ternary cement blends was also characterized. The results indicate that cement modification with a combination of calcined kaolinite–montmorillonite clays can effectively mitigate alkali-silica reaction-induced deteriorations. By incorporating 30% clays, the volume expansion of the cement composites was decreased from deleterious to innocuous level. Amount of cracks was decreased with increasing clay incorporations. In the presence of combined calcined clays, the strength gain of the cement composites is more significant the strength loss caused by alkali-silica reaction indicating the effective mitigation of this virulent reaction in concrete.  more » « less
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15th International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement
Medium: X
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National Science Foundation
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