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Title: Optical simulations for determining efficacy of new light source designs for excitation-scanning high-speed hyperspectral imaging systems
Positive outcomes for colorectal cancer treatment have been linked to early detection. The difficulty in detecting early lesions is the limited contrast with surrounding mucosa and minimal definitive markers to distinguish between hyperplastic and carcinoma lesions. Colorectal cancer is the 3rd leading cancer for incidence and mortality rates which is potentially linked to missed early lesions which allow for increased growth and metastatic potential. One potential technology for early-stage lesion detection is hyperspectral imaging. Traditionally, hyperspectral imaging uses reflectance spectroscopic data to provide a component analysis, per pixel, of an image in fields such as remote sensing, agriculture, food processing and archaeology. This work aims to acquire higher signal-to-noise fluorescence spectroscopic data, harnessing the autofluorescence of tissue, adding a hyperspectral contrast to colorectal cancer detection while maintaining spatial resolution at video-rate speeds. We have previously designed a multi-furcated LED-based spectral light source to prove this concept. Our results demonstrated that the technique is feasible, but the initial prototype has a high light transmission loss (~98%) minimizing spatial resolution and slowing video acquisition. Here, we present updated results in developing an optical ray-tracing model of light source geometries to maximize irradiance throughput for excitation-scanning hyperspectral imaging. Results show combining solid light more » guide branches have a compounding light loss effect, however, there is potential to minimize light loss through the use of optical claddings. This simulation data will provide the necessary metrics to verify and validate future physical optical components within the hyperspectral endoscopic system for detecting colorectal cancer. « less
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Proc. SPIE 11216, Multiscale Imaging and Spectroscopy
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National Science Foundation
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  1. Colorectal cancer is the 3rdleading cancer for incidence and mortality rates. Positive treatment outcomes have been associated with early detection; however, early stage lesions have limited contrast to surrounding mucosa. A potential technology to enhance early stagise detection is hyperspectral imaging (HSI). While HSI technologies have been previously utilized to detect colorectal cancerex vivoor post-operation, they have been difficult to employ in real-time endoscopy scenarios. Here, we describe an LED-based multifurcated light guide and spectral light source that can provide illumination for spectral imaging at frame rates necessary for video-rate endoscopy. We also present an updated light source optical ray-tracing model that resulted in further optimization and provided a ∼10X light transmission increase compared to the initial prototype. Future work will iterate simulation and benchtop testing of the hyperspectral endoscopic system to achieve the goal of video-rate spectral endoscopy.

  2. Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) is a technology used in remote sensing, food processing and documentation recovery. Recently, this approach has been applied in the medical field to spectrally interrogate regions of interest within respective substrates. In spectral imaging, a two (spatial) dimensional image is collected, at many different (spectral) wavelengths, to sample spectral signatures from different regions and/or components within a sample. Here, we report on the use of hyperspectral imaging for endoscopic applications. Colorectal cancer is the 3rd leading cancer for incidences and deaths in the US. One factor of severity is the miss rate of precancerous/flat lesions (~65% accuracy). Integrating HSI into colonoscopy procedures could minimize misdiagnosis and unnecessary resections. We have previously reported a working prototype light source with 16 high-powered light emitting diodes (LEDs) capable of high speed cycling and imaging. In recent testing, we have found our current prototype is limited by transmission loss (~99%) through the multi-furcated solid light guide (lightpipe) and the desired framerate (20-30 fps) could not be achieved. Here, we report on a series of experimental and modeling studies to better optimize the lightpipe and the spectral endoscopy system as a whole. The lightpipe was experimentally evaluated using an integrating sphere andmore »spectrometer (Ocean Optics). Modeling the lightpipe was performed using Monte Carlo optical ray tracing in TracePro (Lambda Research Corp.). Results of these optimization studies will aid in manufacturing a revised prototype with the newly designed light guide and increased sensitivity. Once the desired optical output (5-10 mW) is achieved then the HIS endoscope system will be able to be implemented without adding onto the procedure time.« less
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  5. Abstract

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