Extended conjugated borenium dimers via late stage functionalization of air-stable borepinium ions
Applications of highly electron-deficient organoborenium ions in conjugated materials remain scarce due to their low stability toward air and moisture. We report here the preparation of benzo[ d ]dithieno[ b , f ]borepinium ions as air-stable π-conjugated heterocycles and their conversion into the first dimeric borenium cations, which exhibit very low lying LUMOs and enhanced fluorescence as a result of extended conjugation.
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Award ID(s):
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10191591
Journal Name:
Chemical Communications
Volume:
56
Issue:
38
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
5119 to 5122
ISSN:
1359-7345
5. Abstract The Electron Loss and Fields Investigation with a Spatio-Temporal Ambiguity-Resolving option (ELFIN-STAR, or heretoforth simply: ELFIN) mission comprises two identical 3-Unit (3U) CubeSats on a polar (∼93 ∘ inclination), nearly circular, low-Earth (∼450 km altitude) orbit. Launched on September 15, 2018, ELFIN is expected to have a >2.5 year lifetime. Its primary science objective is to resolve the mechanism of storm-time relativistic electron precipitation, for which electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves are a prime candidate. From its ionospheric vantage point, ELFIN uses its unique pitch-angle-resolving capability to determine whether measured relativistic electron pitch-angle and energy spectra within the loss cone bear the characteristic signatures of scattering by EMIC waves or whether such scattering may be due to other processes. Pairing identical ELFIN satellites with slowly-variable along-track separation allows disambiguation of spatial and temporal evolution of the precipitation over minutes-to-tens-of-minutes timescales, faster than the orbit period of a single low-altitude satellite (T orbit ∼ 90 min). Each satellite carries an energetic particle detector for electrons (EPDE) that measures 50 keV to 5 MeV electrons with $\Delta$ Δ E/E < 40% and a fluxgate magnetometer (FGM) on a ∼72 cm boom that measures magnetic field waves (e.g., EMIC waves) in the range from DC tomore »