Autonomous Waypoint Planning, Optimal Trajectory Generation and Nonlinear Tracking Control for Multi-rotor UAVs
A framework for autonomous waypoint planning, trajectory generation through waypoints, and trajectory tracking for multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) is proposed in this work. Safe and effective operations of these UAVs is a problem that demands obstacle avoidance strategies and advanced trajectory planning and control schemes for stability and energy efficiency. To address this problem, a two-level optimization strategy is used for trajectory generation, then the trajectory is tracked in a stable manner. The framework given here consists of the following components: (a) a deep reinforcement learning (DRL)-based algorithm for optimal waypoint planning while minimizing control energy and avoiding obstacles in a given environment; (b) an optimal, smooth trajectory generation algorithm through waypoints, that minimizes a combinaton of velocity, acceleration, jerk and snap; and (c) a stable tracking control law that determines a control thrust force for an UAV to track the generated trajectory.