Evolutionary Programming Based Deep Learning Feature Selection and Network Construction for Visual Data Classification
Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) models and many accessible large-scale public visual datasets have brought lots of research work to a remarkable new stage. Benefited from well-trained CNN models, small training datasets can learn comprehensive features by utilizing the preliminary features from transfer learning. However, the performance is not guaranteed when taking these features to construct a new model, as the differences always exist between the source and target domains. In this paper, we propose to build an Evolution Programming-based framework to address various challenges. This framework automates both the feature learning and model building processes. It first identifies the most valuable features from pre-trained models and then constructs a suitable model to understand the characteristic features for different tasks. Each model differs in numerous ways. Overall, the experimental results effectively reach optimal solutions, demonstrating that a time-consuming task could also be conducted by an automated process that exceeds the human ability.