- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- Nanoscale Advances
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 2462 to 2470
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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Degradable sugar-based magnetic hybrid nanoparticles for recovery of crude oil from aqueous environmentsIn this work, we designed and fabricated a nanoscopic sugar-based magnetic hybrid material that is capable of tackling environmental pollution posed by marine oil spills, while minimizing potential secondary problems that may occur from microplastic contamination. These readily-defined magnetic nanocomposites were constructed through co-assembly of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MIONs) and a degradable amphiphilic polymer, poly(ethylene glycol)- b -dopamine-functionalized poly(ethyl propargyl glucose carbonate)- b -poly(ethyl glucose carbonate), PEG- b -PGC[(EPC-MPA)- co -(EPC-DOPA)]- b -PGC(EC), driven by supramolecular co-assembly in water with enhanced interactions provided via complexation between dopamine and MIONs. The composite nanoscopic assemblies possessed a pseudo -micellar structure, with MIONs trapped within the polymer framework. The triblock terpolymer was synthesized by sequential ring-opening polymerizations (ROPs) of two glucose-derived carbonate monomers, initiated by a PEG macroinitiator. Dopamine anchoring groups were subsequently installed by first introducing carboxylic acid groups using a thiol–yne click reaction, followed by amidation with dopamine. The resulting amphiphilic triblock terpolymers and MIONs were co-assembled to afford hybrid nanocomposites using solvent exchange processes from organic solvent to water. In combination with hydrophobic interactions, the linkage between dopamine and iron oxide stabilized the overall nanoscopic structure to allow for the establishment of a uniform globular morphology, whereas attempts atmore »
A Review on Electrospun Luminescent Nanofibers: Photoluminescence Characteristics and Potential Applications
Background: Photoluminescent materials have been used for diverse applications in thefields of science and engineering, such as optical storage, biological labeling, noninvasive imaging,solid-state lasers, light-emitting diodes, theranostics/theragnostics, up-conversion lasers, solar cells,spectrum modifiers, photodynamic therapy remote controllers, optical waveguide amplifiers andtemperature sensors. Nanosized luminescent materials could be ideal candidates in these applications.
Objective: This review is to present a brief overview of photoluminescent nanofibers obtainedthrough electrospinning and their emission characteristics.
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Over the past two decades, there has been a growing body of work on wireless devices that can operate on the length scales of biological cells and even smaller. A class of these devices receiving increasing attention are referred to as bio-hybrid actuators: tools that integrate biological cells or subcellular parts with synthetic or inorganic components. These devices are commonly controlled through magnetic manipulation as magnetic fields and gradients can be generated with a high level of control. Recent work has demonstrated that magnetic bio-hybrid actuators can address common challenges in small scale fabrication, control, and localization. Additionally, it is becoming apparent that these magnetically driven bio-hybrid devices can display high efficiency and, in many cases, have the potential for self-repair and even self-replication. Combining these properties with magnetically driven forces and torques, which can be transmitted over significant distances, can be highly controlled, and are biologically safe, gives magnetic bio-hybrid actuators significant advantages over other classes of small scale actuators. In this review, we describe the theory and mechanisms required for magnetic actuation, classify bio-hybrid actuators by their diverse organic components, and discuss their current limitations. Insights into the future of coupling cells and cell-derived components with magnetic materialsmore »