Gørtz, Inge Li
; Farach-Colton, Martin
; Puglisi, Simon J
; Herman, Grzegorz
(Ed.)

We give the first almost-linear time algorithm for computing the maximal k-edge-connected subgraphs of an undirected unweighted graph for any constant k. More specifically, given an n-vertex m-edge graph G = (V,E) and a number k = log^o(1) n, we can deterministically compute in O(m+n^{1+o(1)}) time the unique vertex partition {V_1,… ,V_z} such that, for every i, V_i induces a k-edge-connected subgraph while every superset V'_i ⊃ V_{i} does not. Previous algorithms with linear time work only when k ≤ 2 [Tarjan SICOMP'72], otherwise they all require Ω(m+n√n) time even when k = 3 [Chechik et al. SODA'17; Forster et al. SODA'20].
Our algorithm also extends to the decremental graph setting; we can deterministically maintain the maximal k-edge-connected subgraphs of a graph undergoing edge deletions in m^{1+o(1)} total update time. Our key idea is a reduction to the dynamic algorithm supporting pairwise k-edge-connectivity queries [Jin and Sun FOCS'20].

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