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Title: Systematic morphological andmorphometricanalysisofidentified olfactory receptor neurons in Drosophila melanogaster
The biophysical properties of sensory neurons are influenced by their morphometric and morphological features, whose precise measurements require high-quality volume electron microscopy (EM). However, systematic surveys of these nanoscale characteristics for identified neurons are scarce. Here, we characterize the morphology of Drosophila olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) across the majority of genetically identified sensory hairs.By analyzing serial block-face electron microscopy (SBEM) images of cryo fixed antennal tissues, we compile an extensive morphometric dataset based on 122reconstructed 3D models of 33 identifiedORN types.In addition, we observe multiple novel features—including extracellular vacuoles within sensillum lumen, intricate dendritic branching,mitochondria enrichment in select ORNs, novel sensillum types, and empty sensilla containing no neurons—which raise new questions pertinent to cell biology and sensory neurobiology.Our systematic survey is critical for future investigations into how the size and shape of sensory neurons influence their responses, sensitivity and circuit function.
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