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This content will become publicly available on June 18, 2022

Title: Characteristics of New Cement-Based Thermoelectric Composite for Low-Temperature Applications by A Novel Method
Thermoelectric (TE) cement composite is a new type of TE material. Unlike ordinary cement, TE cement can mutually convert thermal energy to electrical energy due to the addition of carbon fibers, metal oxide nanoparticles, etc. In hot summer or cold winter, the significant temperature difference between indoor and outdoor can be used by TE cement to generate electricity. On the other hand, given power input, the same material can provide cooling/ heating to adjust room temperature. Therefore, TE cement has certain energy-saving potential in the application of building enclosures and energy systems. Its ability to convert different forms of energy and use low-grade energy is conducive to the operation of net-zero buildings. In this study, a novel TE cement composite, MnO2 and graphite enhanced cement, was firstly fabricated. The surface morphology of the composites was analyzed by using the images taken by scanning electron microscopy. The performance indicators of TE materials include the power factor and dimensionless figure of merit ZT The values of five TE properties were measured and calculated by a Physical Property Measurement System at different temperatures. Compared with the cement reinforced by graphite alone, it is confirmed that MnO2 nanoparticles have a positive effect on the more » enhancement of the TE performance for cement composites. The 5wt.% graphite and 10wt.% MnO2 enhanced cement composite achieves the highest Z.T. of 6.2 × 10-6 at 350 K. « less
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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
2020 International High-Performance Buildings Conference
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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