Human activity recognition (HAR) has attracted significant research interest due to its applications in health monitoring and patient rehabilitation. Recent research on HAR focuses on using smartphones due to their widespread use. However, this leads to inconvenient use, limited choice of sensors and inefficient use of resources, since smartphones are not designed for HAR. This paper presents the first HAR framework that can perform both online training and inference. The proposed framework starts with a novel technique that generates features using the fast Fourier and discrete wavelet transforms of a textile-based stretch sensor and accelerometer data. Using these features, we design a neural network classifier which is trained online using the policy gradient algorithm. Experiments on a low power IoT device (TI-CC2650 MCU) with nine users show 97.7% accuracy in identifying six activities and their transitions with less than 12.5 mW power consumption.
w-HAR: An Activity Recognition Dataset and Framework Using Low-Power Wearable Devices
Human activity recognition (HAR) is growing in popularity due to its wide-ranging applications in patient rehabilitation and movement disorders. HAR approaches typically start with collecting sensor data for the activities under consideration and then develop algorithms using the dataset. As such, the success of algorithms for HAR depends on the availability and quality of datasets. Most of the existing work on HAR uses data from inertial sensors on wearable devices or smartphones to design HAR algorithms. However, inertial sensors exhibit high noise that makes it difficult to segment the data and classify the activities. Furthermore, existing approaches typically do not make their data available publicly, which makes it difficult or impossible to obtain comparisons of HAR approaches. To address these issues, we present wearable HAR (w-HAR) which contains labeled data of seven activities from 22 users. Our dataset’s unique aspect is the integration of data from inertial and wearable stretch sensors, thus providing two modalities of activity information. The wearable stretch sensor data allows us to create variable-length segment data and ensure that each segment contains a single activity. We also provide a HAR framework to use w-HAR to classify the activities. To this end, we first perform a design more »
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