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Title: Micromechanics-based elasto-plastic–damage energy formulation for strain gradient solids with granular microstructure
This paper is devoted to the development of a continuum theory for materials having granular microstructure and accounting for some dissipative phenomena like damage and plasticity. The continuum description is constructed by means of purely mechanical concepts, assuming expressions of elastic and dissipation energies as well as postulating a hemi-variational principle, without incorporating any additional postulate like flow rules. Granular micromechanics is connected kinematically to the continuum scale through Piola's ansatz. Mechanically meaningful objective kinematic descriptors aimed at accounting for grain-grain relative displacements in finite deformations are proposed. Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) type conditions, providing evolution equations for damage and plastic variables associated to grain-grain interactions, are derived solely from the fundamental postulates. Numerical experiments have been performed to investigate the applicability of the model. Cyclic loading-unloading histories have been considered to elucidate the material-hysteretic features of the continuum, which emerge from simple grain-grain interactions. We also assess the competition between damage and plasticity, each having an effect on the other. Further, the evolution of the load-free shape is shown not only to assess the plastic behavior, but also to make tangible the point that, in the proposed approach, plastic strain is found to be intrinsically compatible with the existence of a more » placement function. « less
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Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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