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Title: Sampling Multiple Edges Efficiently
We present a sublinear time algorithm that allows one to sample multiple edges from a distribution that is pointwise ϵ-close to the uniform distribution, in an amortized-efficient fashion. We consider the adjacency list query model, where access to a graph G is given via degree and neighbor queries. The problem of sampling a single edge in this model has been raised by Eden and Rosenbaum (SOSA 18). Let n and m denote the number of vertices and edges of G, respectively. Eden and Rosenbaum provided upper and lower bounds of Θ∗(n/ √ m) for sampling a single edge in general graphs (where O ∗(·) suppresses poly(1/ϵ) and poly(log n) dependencies). We ask whether the query complexity lower bound for sampling a single edge can be circumvented when multiple samples are required. That is, can we get an improved amortized per-sample cost if we allow a preprocessing phase? We answer in the affirmative. We present an algorithm that, if one knows the number of required samples q in advance, has an overall cost that is sublinear in q, namely, O∗(√ q · (n/ √ m)), which is strictly preferable to O∗(q · (n/ √ m)) cost resulting from q invocations of the algorithm by more » Eden and Rosenbaum. Subsequent to a preliminary version of this work, Tětek and Thorup (arXiv, preprint) proved that this bound is essentially optimal. « less
Authors:
; ;
Award ID(s):
2022448 1740751
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10279838
Journal Name:
Random
ISSN:
1198-8193
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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