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Title: 3d Nanoprinted External Microfluidic Structures Via Ex Situ Direct Laser Writing
Additive manufacturing (or "three-dimensional (3D) printing") technologies offer unique means to expand the architectural versatility with which microfluidic systems can be designed and constructed. In particular, "direct laser writing (DLW)" supports submicron-scale 3D printing via two-photon (or multi-photon) polymerization; however, such high resolutions are poorly suited for fabricating the macro-to-micro interfaces (i.e., fluidic access ports) critical to microfluidic applications. To bypass this issue, here we present a novel strategy for using DLW to 3D print architecturally complex microfluidic structures directly onto-and notably, fully integrated with-macroscale fused silica tubes. Fabrication and experimental results for this "ex situ DLW (esDLW)" approach revealed effective structure-to-tube sealing, with fluidic integrity maintained during fluid transport from macroscale tubing, into and through demonstrative 3D printed microfluidic structures, and then out of designed outlets. These results suggest that the presented DLW-based printing approach for externally coupling microfluidic structures to macroscale fluidic systems holds promise for emerging applications spanning chemical, biomedical, and soft robotics fields.  more » « less
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Author(s) / Creator(s):
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Date Published:
Journal Name:
2021 IEEE 34th International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS)
Page Range / eLocation ID:
10 to 13
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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