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Title: Toward Deterministic Lateral Displacement-Based Continuous-Flow Microfluidic Particle Reactors via Direct Laser Writing
Multi-stage fluidic reaction schemes for suspended particles (e.g., micro/nanospheres, cells, bacterial species, and extracellular vesicles) underly a diversity of chemical and biological applications. Conventional methods for executing such protocols can be exceedingly time, labor, and/or cost intensive. Microfluidic strategies can address these drawbacks; however, such technologies typically rely on clean room-based microfabrication that suffer from similar deficits for manufacturing the chips. To simultaneously overcome these challenges, here we explore the use of the submicron-scale additive manufacturing approach, “Two-Photon Direct Laser Writing (DLW)”, as a means for fabricating micro-fluidic “Deterministic Lateral Displacement (DLD)” arrays capable of passively guiding suspended particles across discrete, adjacent flow streams—the fundamental capability of continuous-flow multi-stage particle microreactors. Experimental results from microfluidic experimentation with 5 μm-in-diameter fluorescent particles revealed effective particle transport across flow streams, with 87.5% of fluorescent peaks detected in the designated, opposing outlet following the DLD array. These results suggest utility of the presented approach for micro- and nanoparticle-based microfluidic reactors targeting wide-ranging chemical and biological applications.
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Proceedings of the 20th Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems Workshop (Hilton Head Workshop 2022)
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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