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This content will become publicly available on July 29, 2022

Title: Final Technical Memorandum: NSF:PFI:BIC: Pre-Departure Dynamic Geofencing, En-Route Traffic Alerting, Emergency Landing and Contingency Management for Intelligent Low-Altitude Airspace UAS Traffic Management
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NASA technical memorandum
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National Science Foundation
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  1. Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS) will be an important component of the smart city and intelligent transportation environments of the near future. The demand for sUAS related applications, such as commercial delivery and land surveying, is expected to grow rapidly in next few years. In general, sUAS traffic scheduling and management functions are needed to coordinate the launching of sUAS from different launch sites and plan their trajectories to avoid conflict while considering several other constraints such as expected arrival time, minimum flight energy, and availability of communication resources. However, as the airbone sUAS density grows in a certain area,more »it is difficult to foresee the potential airspace and communications resource conflicts and make immediate decisions to avoid them. To address this challenge, we present a temporal and spatial routing algorithm for sUAS trajectory management in a high density urban area. It plans sUAS movements in a spatial and temporal maze with the consideration of obstacles that are either static or dynamic in time. The routing allows the sUAS to avoid static no-fly areas (i.e. static obstacles) or other in-flight sUAS and areas that have congested communication resources (i.e. dynamic obstacles). The algorithm is evaluated using an agent-based simulation platform. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm outperforms reference route management algorithms in many areas, especially in processing speed and memory efficiency. Detailed comparisons are provided for the sUAS flight time, the overall throughput, the conflict rate and communication resource utilization. The results demonstrate that our proposed algorithm can be used as a solution to improve the efficiency of airspace and communication resource utilization for next generation smart city and smart transportation.« less