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Title: Enhanced Structural Imperfection Resistance in Thin-Walled Tubes Filled with Liquid Nanofoam
Thin-walled structures have been widely used in automotive and aerospace industries to improve the system crashworthiness and impact protection. However, during manufacturing, transporting and handling processes, initial geometric imperfections are inevitably introduced to the thin-walled structures, which imposes negative impacts to the mechanical performance and service life of the thin-walled structures. In this study, we have introduced structural imperfection with controlled geometry and dimension to thin-walled steel tubes and characterized the mechanical response of these empty tubes and LN-filled tubes by quasi-static compression tests. Results show, the structural imperfection reduces the energy absorption capacity of empty tubes by about 20%. As the tube is filled with LN, the structural imperfection does not affect the energy absorption capacity of LN filled tube. The enhanced imperfection resistance is attributed to the suppression of imperfection growth caused by the strong liquid-solid interaction between the LN and tube wall. These findings suggest that the LN filling material can effectively reduce the adverse impact of structural imperfection and shed light on future design of thin-walled energy absorption devices.
Authors:
Editors:
Singh R.P., Chalivendra V.
Award ID(s):
1803695
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10285918
Journal Name:
Mechanics of Composite, Hybrid and Multifunctional Materials , Volume 6. Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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