skip to main content

Title: Net Electronic Charge as an Effective Electronic Descriptor for Oxygen Release and Transport Properties of SrFeO 3 -Based Oxygen Sorbents
Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Chemistry of Materials
Page Range / eLocation ID:
2446 to 2456
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. We investigated the enhanced vapor responses and altered response ratios of a series of thiophene (co)polymers with oxygenated side chains (CH 2 OH, linear polyethylene glycol, and crown ether), including the novel poly(3-hydroxymethylthiophene) (PTOH) and other newly synthesized polymers. Hydroxymethyl-containing copolymers had higher mobility compared to poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT). The larger crown ether moiety promotes transistor characteristics of P3HT while the smaller one impairs them. Incorporating different oxygen bearing functionalities increased responses of thiophene polymers to NO 2 , NH 3 , and acetone. For example a polyether side chain increases the NO 2 response sensitivity of copolymers of both P3HT and PTOH, but sensitivity towards gas analytes was more prominent for glycol-based functionalities rather than the crown ethers. PTOH is very sensitive to NO 2 and the response likely includes a contribution from conductive protons on the OH group. The lack of correlation among the rank-ordered gas sensitivities imparted by each functional group was found to be useful for designing a selective sensor array. We specifically showed high classification accuracy for all the polymer responses to NO 2 and acetone vapors, both of which gave increased device currents but with response ratios different enough to allow highly classifying discriminant functions to be derived. 
    more » « less
  2. Abstract

    LiCoO2is a prime example of widely used cathodes that suffer from the structural/thermal instability issues that lead to the release of their lattice oxygen under nonequilibrium conditions and safety concerns in Li‐ion batteries. Here, it is shown that an atomically thin layer of reduced graphene oxide can suppress oxygen release from LixCoO2particles and improve their structural stability. Electrochemical cycling, differential electrochemical mass spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and in situ heating transmission electron microscopy are performed to characterize the effectiveness of the graphene‐coating on the abusive tolerance of LixCoO2. Electrochemical cycling mass spectroscopy results suggest that oxygen release is hindered at high cutoff voltage cycling when the cathode is coated with reduced graphene oxide. Thermal analysis, in situ heating transmission electron microscopy, and electron energy loss spectroscopy results show that the reduction of Co species from the graphene‐coated samples is delayed when compared with bare cathodes. Finally, density functional theory and ab initio molecular dynamics calculations show that the rGO layers could suppress O2formation more effectively due to the strong COcathodebond formation at the interface of rGO/LCO where low coordination oxygens exist. This investigation uncovers a reliable approach for hindering the oxygen release reaction and improving the thermal stability of battery cathodes.

    more » « less