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Title: Computational Discovery of New 2D Materials Using Deep Learning Generative Models
Two-dimensional (2D) materials have emerged as promising functional materials with many applications such as semiconductors and photovoltaics because of their unique optoelectronic properties. Although several thousand 2D materials have been screened in existing materials databases, discovering new 2D materials remains challenging. Herein, we propose a deep learning generative model for composition generation combined with a random forest-based 2D materials classifier to discover new hypothetical 2D materials. Furthermore, a template-based element substitution structure prediction approach is developed to predict the crystal structures of a subset of the newly predicted hypothetical formulas, which allows us to confirm their structure stability using DFT calculations. So far, we have discovered 267 489 new potential 2D materials compositions, where 1485 probability scores are more then 0.95. Among them, we have predicted 101 crystal structures and confirmed 92 2D/layered materials by DFT formation energy calculation. Our results show that generative machine learning models provide an effective way to explore the vast chemical design space for new 2D materials discovery.
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Award ID(s):
1940099 1905775
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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