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- Jiegou huaxue
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- National Science Foundation
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We develop an open-access database that provides a large array of datasets specialized for magnetic compounds as well as magnetic clusters. Our focus is on rare-earth-free magnets. Available datasets include (i) crystallography, (ii) thermodynamic properties, such as the formation energy, and (iii) magnetic properties that are essential for magnetic-material design. Our database features a large number of stable and metastable structures discovered through our adaptive genetic algorithm (AGA) searches. Many of these AGA structures have better magnetic properties when compared to those of the existing rare-earth-free magnets and the theoretical structures in other databases. Our database places particular emphasis on site-specific magnetic data, which are obtained by high-throughput first-principles calculations. Such site-resolved data are indispensable for machine-learning modeling. We illustrate how our data-intensive methods promote efficiency of the experimental discovery of new magnetic materials. Our database provides massive datasets that will facilitate an efficient computational screening, machine-learning-assisted design, and the experimental fabrication of new promising magnets.
Experimental validation of high thermoelectric performance in RECuZnP 2 predicted by high-throughput DFT calculationsAccurate density functional theory calculations of the interrelated properties of thermoelectric materials entail high computational cost, especially as crystal structures increase in complexity and size. New methods involving ab initio scattering and transport (AMSET) and compressive sensing lattice dynamics are used to compute the transport properties of quaternary CaAl 2 Si 2 -type rare-earth phosphides RECuZnP 2 (RE = Pr, Nd, Er), which were identified to be promising thermoelectrics from high-throughput screening of 20 000 disordered compounds. Experimental measurements of the transport properties agree well with the computed values. Compounds with stiff bulk moduli (>80 GPa) and high speeds of sound (>3500 m s −1 ) such as RECuZnP 2 are typically dismissed as thermoelectric materials because they are expected to exhibit high lattice thermal conductivity. However, RECuZnP 2 exhibits not only low electrical resistivity, but also low lattice thermal conductivity (∼1 W m −1 K −1 ). Contrary to prior assumptions, polar-optical phonon scattering was revealed by AMSET to be the primary mechanism limiting the electronic mobility of these compounds, raising questions about existing assumptions of scattering mechanisms in this class of thermoelectric materials. The resulting thermoelectric performance ( zT of 0.5 for ErCuZnP 2 at 800 K) is amongmore »
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