skip to main content

Title: Modulation of LED Photo-Luminescence for Underwater Optical Communications
An optical wireless communication approach that exploits the photo-luminescent radiation of LEDs is presented. In this approach the photo-luminescence of an array of LEDs is modulated by varying the impedance connected to the LEDs. The LEDs are also employed to harvest radiant energy making possible fully passive optical communications tags. Possible applications of this approach include short-range underwater communications. Initial experimental results suggest that communication speeds of few kilobits per second can be achieved.
; ; ; ;
Award ID(s):
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
2020 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS)
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
1 to 5
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Hyperspectral imaging has numerous applications in a range of fields for target detection. While its original applications were in remote sensing, new uses include analyzing food quality, agriculture and medicine, Hyperspectral imaging has shown utility in fluorescence microscopy for detecting signatures from many fluorescent molecules, but acquisition speeds have been slow due to the need to acquire many spectral bands and the light losses associated with spectral filtering. Therefore, a novel confocal microscope, the 5- Dimensional Rapid Hyperspectral Imaging Platform (RHIP-5D) was designed and is undergoing testing to overcome acquisition speed and sensitivity limitations. The current design utilizes light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and a multifaceted mirror array to combine light sources into a liquid light guide. Initial tests demonstrated feasibility and we are now working on determining the ideal location of the liquid light guide, LEDs, lenses and mirror array to optimize optical transmission. A computational model was constructed using Monte Carlo optical ray tracing in TracePro software (Lambda Research Corp.). LED sources were simulated by importing irradiance properties from the manufacturers’ specifications. Optical properties of lenses were modeled using lens files available from the manufacturer. Analysis of the model includes geometry and parametric optimization, assessing lens power, mirror angles andmore »location of optical elements. Initial results show an increase of transmission is possible by up to 20%. Future work will involve evaluating the position of the liquid light guide as well as analyzing lens configurations to further increase optical transmission.« less
  2. Optical camera communication is an emerging technology that enables communication using light beams, where information is modulated through optical transmissions from light-emitting diodes (LEDs). This work conducts empirical studies to identify the feasibility and effectiveness of using deep learning models to improve signal reception in camera communication. The key contributions of this work include the investigation of transfer learning and customization of existing models to demodulate the signals transmitted using a single LED by applying the classification models on the camera frames at the receiver. In addition to investigating deep learning methods for demodulating a single VLC transmission, this work evaluates two real-world use-cases for the integration of deep learning in visual multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), where transmissions from a LED array are decoded on a camera receiver. This paper presents the empirical evaluation of state-of-the-art deep neural network (DNN) architectures that are traditionally used for computer vision applications for camera communication.
  3. Fluorescence imaging microscopy has traditionally been used because of the high specificity that is achievable through fluorescence labeling techniques and optical filtering. When combined with spectral imaging technologies, fluorescence microscopy can allow for quantitative identification of multiple fluorescent labels. We are working to develop a new approach for spectral imaging that samples the fluorescence excitation spectrum and may provide increased signal strength. The enhanced signal strength may be used to provide increased spectral sensitivity and spectral, spatial, and temporal sampling capabilities. A proof of concept excitation scanning system has shown over 10-fold increase in signal to noise ratio compared to emission scanning hyperspectral imaging. Traditional hyperspectral imaging fluorescence microscopy methods often require minutes of acquisition time. We are developing a new configuration that utilizes solid state LEDs to combine multiple illumination wavelengths in a 2-mirror assembly to overcome the temporal limitations of traditional hyperspectral imaging. We have previously reported on the theoretical performance of some of the aspects of this system by using optical ray trace modeling. Here, we present results from prototyping and benchtop testing of the system, including assembly, optical characterization, and data collection. This work required the assembly and characterization of a novel excitation scanning hyperspectral microscopymore »system, containing 12 LEDs ranging from 365- 425 nm, 12 lenses, a spherical mirror, and a flat mirror. This unique approach may reduce the long image acquisition times seen in traditional hyperspectral imaging while maintaining high specificity and sensitivity for multilabel identification and autofluorescence imaging in real time.« less
  4. Background: Photoluminescent materials have been used for diverse applications in thefields of science and engineering, such as optical storage, biological labeling, noninvasive imaging,solid-state lasers, light-emitting diodes, theranostics/theragnostics, up-conversion lasers, solar cells,spectrum modifiers, photodynamic therapy remote controllers, optical waveguide amplifiers andtemperature sensors. Nanosized luminescent materials could be ideal candidates in these applications.

    Objective: This review is to present a brief overview of photoluminescent nanofibers obtainedthrough electrospinning and their emission characteristics.

    Methods: To prepare bulk-scale nanosized materials efficiently and cost-effectively, electrospinningis a widely used technique. By the electrospinning method, a sufficiently high direct-current voltageis applied to a polymer solution or melt; and at a certain critical point when the electrostatic forceovercomes the surface tension, the droplet is stretched to form nanofibers. Polymer solutions or meltswith a high degree of molecular cohesion due to intermolecular interactions are the feedstock. Subsequentcalcination in air or specific gas may be required to remove the organic elements to obtainthe desired composition.

    Results: The luminescent nanofibers are classified based on the composition, structure, and synthesismaterial. The photoluminescent emission characteristics of the nanofibers reveal intriguing featuressuch as polarized emission, energy transfer, fluorescent quenching, and sensing. An overview of theprocess, controlling parameters and techniques associated with electrospinning of organic, inorganicand composite nanofibers aremore »discussed in detail. The scope and potential applications of these luminescentfibers also conversed.

    Conclusion: The electrospinning process is a matured technique to produce nanofibers on a largescale. Organic nanofibers have exhibited superior fluorescent emissions for waveguides, LEDs andlasing devices, and inorganic nanofibers for high-end sensors, scintillators, and catalysts. Multifunctionalitiescan be achieved for photovoltaics, sensing, drug delivery, magnetism, catalysis, andso on. The potential of these nanofibers can be extended but not limited to smart clothing, tissueengineering, energy harvesting, energy storage, communication, safe data storage, etc. and it isanticipated that in the near future, luminescent nanofibers will find many more applications in diversescientific disciplines.

    « less
  5. The directionality of optical signals provides an opportunity for efficient space reuse of optical links in visible light communication (VLC). Space reuse in VLC can enable multiple-access communication from multiple light emitting transmitters. Traditional VLC system design using photo-receptors requires at least one receiving photodetector element for each light emitter, thus constraining VLC to always require a light-emitter to light-receptor element pair. In this paper, we propose, design and evaluate a novel architecture for VLC that can enable multiple-access reception using a photoreceptor receiver that uses only a single photodiode. The novel design includes a liquid-crystal-display (LCD) based shutter system that can be automated to control and enable selective reception of light beams from multiple transmitters. We evaluate the feasibility of multiple access on a single photodiode from two light emitting diode (LED) transmitters and the performance of the communication link using bit-error-rate (BER) and packet-error-rate (PER) metrics. Our experiment and trace based evaluation through proof-of-concept implementation reveals the feasibility of multiple LED reception on a single photodiode. We further evaluate the system in controlled mobile settings to verify the adaptability of the receiver when the LED transmitter changes position.