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- Frontiers in Materials
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- National Science Foundation
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Enhancing Adaptable Topological Wave Bandwidth in Piezoelectric Metamaterials via Circuitry and Lattice Symmetry ControlRecently, an electromechanical metamaterial with integrated resonant circuit elements was developed that enables on-demand tailoring of the operating frequency and interface routes for topological wave transmission. However, limitations to the operating frequency region still exist, and a full exploration of the adaptive characteristics of the topological electromechanical metamaterial has yet to be undertaken. To advance the state of the art, this study investigates the ability to enhance the range of operating frequencies for topological wave transmission in a piezoelectric metamaterial by the reconfiguration of lattice symmetries and connection of negative capacitance circuitry. In addition, the capability to modify the interface mode localization is analyzed. The plane wave expansion method is utilized to define a working frequency region for protected topological wave transmission by evaluating a local topological charge. Numerical simulations verify the existence of topologically protected interface modes and illuminate how the localization and shape of these modes can be altered via external circuit parameters. Results show that the reconfiguration of the lattice structure and connection to negative capacitance circuity enhances the operating frequency bandwidth and interface mode localization control, greatly expanding the adaptive metamaterial capabilities.
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Tailoring Structure‐Borne Sound through Bandgap Engineering in Phononic Crystals and Metamaterials: A Comprehensive Review
In solid state physics, a bandgap (BG) refers to a range of energies where no electronic states can exist. This concept was extended to classical waves, spawning the entire fields of photonic and phononic crystals where BGs are frequency (or wavelength) intervals where wave propagation is prohibited. For elastic waves, BGs are found in periodically alternating mechanical properties (i.e., stiffness and density). This gives birth to phononic crystals and later elastic metamaterials that have enabled unprecedented functionalities for a wide range of applications. Planar metamaterials are built for vibration shielding, while a myriad of works focus on integrating phononic crystals in microsystems for filtering, waveguiding, and dynamical strain energy confinement in optomechanical systems. Furthermore, the past decade has witnessed the rise of topological insulators, which leads to the creation of elastodynamic analogs of topological insulators for robust manipulation of mechanical waves. Meanwhile, additive manufacturing has enabled the realization of 3D architected elastic metamaterials, which extends their functionalities. This review aims to comprehensively delineate the rich physical background and the state‐of‐the art in elastic metamaterials and phononic crystals that possess engineered BGs for different functionalities and applications, and to provide a roadmap for future directions of these manmade materials.
Geometrical‐frustration‐induced anisotropy and inhomogeneity are explored to achieve unique properties of metamaterials that set them apart from conventional materials. According to Neumann's principle, to achieve anisotropic responses, the material unit cell should possess less symmetry. Based on such guidelines, a triclinic metamaterial system of minimal symmetry is presented, which originates from a Trimorph origami pattern with a simple and insightful geometry: a basic unit cell with four tilted panels and four corresponding creases. The intrinsic geometry of the Trimorph origami, with its changing tilting angles, dictates a folding motion that varies the primitive vectors of the unit cell, couples the shear and normal strains of its extrinsic bulk, and leads to an unusual Poisson effect. Such an effect, associated with reversible auxeticity in the changing triclinic frame, is observed experimentally, and predicted theoretically by elegant mathematical formulae. The nonlinearities of the folding motions allow the unit cell to display three robust stable states, connected through snapping instabilities. When the tristable unit cells are tessellated, phenomena that resemble linear and point defects emerge as a result of geometric frustration. The frustration is reprogrammable into distinct stable and inhomogeneous states by arbitrarily selecting the location of a single or multiple pointmore »
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