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Title: Layer and material-type dependent photoresponse in WSe 2 /WS 2 vertical heterostructures
Abstract Transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) heterostructures are promising for a variety of applications in photovoltaics and photosensing. Successfully exploiting these heterostructures will require an understanding of their layer-dependent electronic structures. However, there is no experimental data demonstrating the layer-number dependence of photovoltaic effects (PVEs) in vertical TMD heterojunctions. Here, by combining scanning electrochemical cell microscopy (SECCM) with optical probes, we report the first layer-dependence of photocurrents in WSe 2 /WS 2 vertical heterostructures as well as in pristine WS 2 and WSe 2 layers. For WS 2 , we find that photocurrents increase with increasing layer thickness, whereas for WSe 2 the layer dependence is more complex and depends on both the layer number and applied bias ( V b ). We further find that photocurrents in the WSe 2 /WS 2 heterostructures exhibit anomalous layer and material-type dependent behaviors. Our results advance the understanding of photoresponse in atomically thin WSe 2 /WS 2 heterostructures and pave the way to novel nanoelectronic and optoelectronic devices.
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2D Materials
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National Science Foundation
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