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Title: BRAIN ACTIVITY OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGNERS IN CONSTRAINED AND OPEN DESIGN: THE EFFECT OF GENDER ON FREQUENCY BANDS
Abstract In this paper, we present results from an experiment using EEG to measure brain activity and explore EEG frequency power associated with gender differences of professional industrial designers while performing two prototypical stages of constrained and open design tasks, problem-solving and design sketching. Results indicate no main effect of gender. However, among other main effects, a consistent main effect of hemisphere for the six frequency bands under analysis was found. In the problem-solving stage, male designers show higher alpha and beta bands in channels of the prefrontal cortices and female designers in the right occipitotemporal cortex and secondary visual cortices. In the design sketching stage, male designers show higher alpha and beta bands in the right prefrontal cortex, and female designers in the right temporal cortex and left prefrontal cortex, where higher theta is also found. Prioritising different cognitive functions seem to play a role in each gender's approach to constrained and open design tasks. Results can be useful to design professionals, students and design educators, and for the development of methodological approaches in design research and education.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
1929896
NSF-PAR ID:
10314195
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the Design Society
Volume:
1
ISSN:
2732-527X
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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