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- Publication Date:
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- Journal of Plasma Physics
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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Abstract Reversing the effects of a quantum evolution, for example, as is done in error correction, is an important task for controlling quantum systems in order to produce reliable quantum devices. When the evolution is governed by a completely positive map, there exist reversibility conditions, known as the quantum error correcting code conditions, which are necessary and sufficient conditions for the reversibility of a quantum operation on a subspace, the code space. However, if we suppose that the evolution is not described by a completely positive map, necessary and sufficient conditions are not known. Here we consider evolutions that do not necessarily correspond to a completely positive map. We prove that the completely positive map error correcting code conditions can lead to a code space that is not in the domain of the map, meaning that the output of the map is not positive. A corollary to our theorem provides a class of relevant examples. Finally, we provide a set of sufficient conditions that will enable the use of quantum error correcting code conditions while ensuring positivity.
Soliton bursts and deterministic dissipative Kerr soliton generation in auxiliary-assisted microcavities
Dissipative Kerr solitons in resonant frequency combs offer a promising route for ultrafast mode-locking, precision spectroscopy and time-frequency standards. The dynamics for the dissipative soliton generation, however, are intrinsically intertwined with thermal nonlinearities, limiting the soliton generation parameter map and statistical success probabilities of the solitary state. Here, via use of an auxiliary laser heating approach to suppress thermal dragging dynamics in dissipative soliton comb formation, we demonstrate stable Kerr soliton singlet formation and soliton bursts. First, we access a new soliton existence range with an inverse-sloped Kerr soliton evolution—diminishing soliton energy with increasing pump detuning. Second, we achieve deterministic transitions from Turing-like comb patterns directly into the dissipative Kerr soliton singlet pulse bypassing the chaotic states. This is achieved by avoiding subcomb overlaps at lower pump power, with near-identical singlet soliton comb generation over twenty instances. Third, with the red-detuned pump entrance route enabled, we uncover unique spontaneous soliton bursts in the direct formation of low-noise optical frequency combs from continuum background noise. The burst dynamics are due to the rapid entry and mutual attraction of the pump laser into the cavity mode, aided by the auxiliary laser and matching well with our numerical simulations. Enabled by themore »
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Intensity modulators are an essential component in optics for controlling free-space beams. Many applications require the intensity of a free-space beam to be modulated at a single frequency, including wide-field lock-in detection for sensitive measurements, mode-locking in lasers, and phase-shift time-of-flight imaging (LiDAR). Here, we report a new type of single frequency intensity modulator that we refer to as a longitudinal piezoelectric resonant photoelastic modulator. The modulator consists of a thin lithium niobate wafer coated with transparent surface electrodes. One of the fundamental acoustic modes of the modulator is excited through the surface electrodes, confining an acoustic standing wave to the electrode region. The modulator is placed between optical polarizers; light propagating through the modulator and polarizers is intensity modulated with a wide acceptance angle and record breaking modulation efficiency in the megahertz frequency regime. As an illustration of the potential of our approach, we show that the proposed modulator can be integrated with a standard image sensor to effectively convert it into a time-of-flight imaging system.