A 120V-to-1.8V 91.5%-Efficient 36-W Dual-Inductor Hybrid Converter with Natural Soft-charging Operations for Direct Extreme Conversion Ratios
This paper presents a new dual inductor hybrid converter (DIHC) that is capable of efficient direct non-isolated DC-DC conversions with extremely large voltage conversion ratios. The converter employs two interleaved inductors and a switched-capacitor (SC) network to bring several significant topological benefits. Capacitance of the flying capacitors of this new topology can be optimally sized to achieve natural, complete soft-charging for all capacitors. This novel capacitor soft-charging feature is a key contribution of this work and can be exploited to overcome the limitations of conventional SC converters suffering from capacitor hard charging losses. The converter topology and its operation are verified in an 36-W converter prototype for 40-120V input to 0.9V-1.8V output up to 20A of current load that achieves peak efficiencies of 91.5% for 120V-to-1.8V and 87.3% for 120V-to-0.9V conversion. Its advantages and performance at extreme conversion ratios push the limit of point-of-load converters, reducing complexity and cost for bus voltage distributions, as well as enabling fewer conversion stages and thus higher efficiency for data centers and high-performance digital systems.