This paper presents the design of a dual-band printed planar antenna for deep space CubeSat communications. The antenna system will be used with a radio for duplex operation in a CubeSat, which can be used for a lunar mission or any deep space mission. While a high-gain CubeSat planar antenna/array is always desired for a deep space mission, high-performance ground stations are also required for robust communication links. For such a mission, the X-band is the appropriate frequency for the downlink communication, which is very challenging in the case of deep space communication compared to the uplink communication. At this frequency, the antenna size can have small enough dimension to form an array to obtain high-gain directional radiations for the successful communication, including telemetry and data download. NASA’s Deep Space Network (DSN) has the largest and most sensitive 70 meterdiameter antenna that can be considered for this type of mission for reliability. DSN has uplink and downlink frequency of operations in 7.1-GHz and 8.4-GHz bands, respectively, which are separated by approximately 1.3 GHz. A straight forward approach is to use two antennas to cover uplink and downlink frequencies. However, CubeSats have huge space constraints to accommodate science instruments and othermore »
Broadband Dual-Polarized Planar Antennas for Radar With Printed Circuit Balun
This paper demonstrates the design and implementation of two dual-polarized ultra-wideband antennas for radar ice sounding. The first antenna operates at UHF (600– 900 MHz). The second antenna operates at VHF (140–215 MHz). Each antenna element is composed of two orthogonal octagon-shaped dipoles, two inter-locked printed circuit baluns and an impedance matching network for each polarization. We built and tested one prototype antenna for each band and showed a VSWR of less than 2:1 at both polarizations over a fractional bandwidth exceeding 40 %. Our antennas display cross-polarization isolation larger than 30 dB, an E-plane 3-dB beamwidth of 69 degrees, and a gain of at least 4 dBi with a variation of ± 1 dB across the bandwidth. We demonstrate peak power handling capabilities of 400-W and 1000-W for the UHF and VHF bands, respectively. Our design flow allows for straightforward adjustment of the antenna dimensions to meet other bandwidth constraints.
- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- 2021 International Conference on Radar, Antenna, Microwave, Electronics, and Telecommunications (ICRAMET)
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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