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Title: Transmission zeros with topological symmetry in complex systems‎
Understanding vanishing transmission in Fano resonances in quantum systems and metamaterials and perfect and ultralow transmission in disordered media has advanced the knowledge and applications of wave interactions. Here, we use analytic theory and numerical simulations to understand and control the transmission and transmission time in complex systems by deforming a medium and adjusting the level of gain or loss. Unlike the zeros of the scattering matrix, the position and motion of the zeros of the determinant of the transmission matrix (TM) in the complex plane of frequency and field decay rate have robust topological properties. In systems without loss or gain, the transmission zeros appear either singly on the real axis or as conjugate pairs in the complex plane. As the structure is modified, two single zeros and a complex conjugate pair of zeros may interconvert when they meet at a square root singularity in the rate of change of the distance between the transmission zeros in the complex plane with sample deformation. The transmission time is the spectral derivative of the argument of the determinant of the TM. It is a sum over Lorentzian functions associated with the resonances of the medium, which is the density of states, and with the zeros of the TM. Transmission vanishes, and the transmission time diverges as zeros are brought near the real axis. Monitoring the transmission and transmission time when two zeros are close may open new possibilities for ultrasensitive detection.  more » « less
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Physical review
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National Science Foundation
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