Line-of-sight (LOS) is a critical requirement for mmWave wireless communications. In this work, we explore the use of access point (AP) infrastructure mobility to optimize indoor mmWave WiFi network performance based on the discovery of LOS connectivity to stations (STAs).We consider a ceiling-mounted mobile (CMM) AP as the infrastructure mobility framework. Within this framework, we present a LOS prediction algorithm based on machine learning (ML) that addresses the LOS discovery problem. The algorithm relies on the available network state information (e.g., LOS connectivity between STAs and the AP) to predict the unknown LOS connectivity status between the reachable AP locations and target STAs. We show that the proposed algorithm can predict LOS connectivity between the AP and target STAs with an accuracy up to 91%. Based on the LOS prediction algorithm, we then propose a systematic solution WiMove, which can decide if and where the AP should move to for optimizing network performance. Using both ns-3 based simulation and experimental prototype implementation, we show that the throughput and fairness performance of WiMove is up to 119% and 15% better compared with single static AP and brute force search.
A Quantitative Exploration of Access Point Mobility for mmWave WiFi Networks
mmWave is emerging as an essential technology for next-generation wireless networks due to its capability of delivering multi-gigabit throughput performance. To achieve such a promising performance in mmWave communications, Line-of-sight (LOS) connectivity is a critical requirement. In this work, we explore the strategy of infrastructure mobility to alter the location of an access point (AP) in order to provide LOS connectivity to stations (STAs) in indoor mmWave WiFi networks. Through both simulation-based and theoretical analyses, we make a detailed case for infrastructure mobility by identifying the impact of AP mobile platforms configurations on network performance and propose a ceiling-mounted mobile (CMM) AP model. Then, we compare the performance of a CMM AP with multiple static APs, and we identify that the throughput and fairness performance of a CMM AP is better than as many as 5 ceiling-mounted static APs.
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- IEEE International Conference on Communications
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- National Science Foundation
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