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The Next Generation Science Standards and the National Research Council recognize systems thinking as an essential skill to address the global challenges of the 21st century. But the habits of mind needed to understand complex systems are not readily learned through traditional approaches. Recently large-scale interactive multi-user immersive simulations are being used to expose the learners to diverse topics that emulate real-world complex systems phenomena. These modern-day mixed reality simulations are unique in that the learners are an integral part of the evolving dynamics. The decisions they make and the actions that follow, collectively impact the simulated complex system, much like any real-world complex system. But the learners have difficulty understanding these coupled complex systems processes, and often get “lost” or “stuck,” and need help navigating the problem space. Formative feedback is the traditional way educators support learners during problem solving. Traditional goal-based and learner-centered approaches don’t scale well to environments that allow learners to explore multiple goals or solutions, and multiple solution paths (Mallavarapu & Lyons, 2020). In this work, we reconceptualize formative feedback for complex systems-based learning environments, formative fugues, (a term derived from music by Reitman, 1964) to allow learners to make informed decisions about their ownmore »
This innovative practice work in progress paper presents the Biologically Inspired Design for Engineering Education (BTRDEE) project, to create socially relevant, accessible, highly-contextualized biologically inspired design experiences that can be disseminated to high school audiences engineering audiences in Georgia and nationally. Curriculum units arc 6-10 weeks in duration and will meet many standards for high school engineering courses in Georgia. There will be three curriculum units (one for each engineering course in the 3-course pathway), each building skills in engineering design and specific skills for BID. Currently in its second year, BIRDEE has developed its first unit of curriculum and has hosted its first professional development with 4 pilot teachers in the summer of 2020. The BIRDEE curriculum situates challenges within socially relevant contexts and provides cutting-edge biological scenarios to ignite creative and humanistic engineering experiences to 1) drive greaterengagement in engineering, particularly among women, 2) improve student engineering skills, especially problem definition and ideation skills, and 3) increase students awareness of the connection and impacts between the engineered and living worlds. This paper describes the motivation for the BIRDEE project, the learning goals for the curriculum, and a description of the first unit. We provide reflections and feedback frommore »
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Can certification increase trade fairness and worker empowerment? Lessons from Fairtrade International-certified plantations in Ecuador
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