This content will become publicly available on May 17, 2023
- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- Polymer Chemistry
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 2764 to 2775
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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Organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs) have been revived as potentially versatile platforms for bioelectronic applications due to their high transconductance, direct ionic-electronic coupling, and unique form factors. This perceived applicability to bioelectronics can be attributed to the incorporation of organic mixed conductors that facilitate both ionic and electronic transport, enabling material-inherent translation from biological signals to abiotic readouts. In the past decade, multiple synthetic breakthroughs have yielded channel materials that exhibit significant hole/electron transport while displaying electroactivity in aqueous media. Yet, implicit in the rationale of OECTs as bioelectronic devices is they can be fabricated to be mechanically compatible with biological systems, even though unified guidelines for deformable OECTs remain unclear. In this Perspective, we highlight recent advances for imparting deformability. Specifically, materials selection, design, and chemistry for integral parts of the transistor – substrate, electrolyte, interconnects, and (polymeric) channel materials—will be discussed in the context of benchmarks set by select bioelectronics applications. We conclude by identifying key areas for future research towards mechanically compliant OECTs.
Conducting polymers, such as the
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Universal Cathode Design Strategies to Engineer Cathode Electrolyte Interfaces for High Performance All-Solid-State BatteriesMetal-ion batteries (e.g., lithium and sodium ion batteries) are the promising power sources for portable electronics, electric vehicles, and smart grids. Recent metal-ion batteries with organic liquid electrolytes still suffer from safety issues regarding inflammability and insufficient lifetime.1 As the next generation energy storage devices, all-solid-state batteries (ASSBs) have promising potentials for the improved safety, higher energy density, and longer cycle life than conventional Li-ion batteries.2 The nonflammable solid electrolytes (SEs), where only Li ions are mobile, could prevent battery combustion and explosion since the side reactions that cause safety issues as well as degradation of the battery performance are largely suppressed. However, their practical application is hampered by the high resistance arising at the solid–solid electrode–electrolyte interface (including cathode-electrolyte interface and anode-electrolyte interface).3 Several methods have been introduced to optimize the contact capability as well as the electrochemical/chemical stability between the metal anodes (i.e.: Li and Na) and the SEs, which exhibited decent results in decreasing the charge transfer resistance and broadening the range of the stable energy window (i.e., lowing the chemical potential of metal anode below the highest occupied molecular orbital of the SEs).4 Nevertheless, mitigation for the cathode in ASSB is tardily developed because: (1) themore »
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