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Title: New Constraints on Protoplanetary Disk Gas Masses in Lupus
Abstract Gas mass is a fundamental quantity of protoplanetary disks that directly relates to their ability to form planets. Because we are unable to observe the bulk H 2 content of disks directly, we rely on indirect tracers to provide quantitative mass estimates. Current estimates for the gas masses of the observed disk population in the Lupus star-forming region are based on measurements of isotopologues of CO. However, without additional constraints, the degeneracy between H 2 mass and the elemental composition of the gas leads to large uncertainties in such estimates. Here, we explore the gas compositions of seven disks from the Lupus sample representing a range of CO-to-dust ratios. With Band 6 and 7 ALMA observations, we measure line emission for HCO + , HCN, and N 2 H + . We find a tentative correlation among the line fluxes for these three molecular species across the sample, but no correlation with 13 CO or submillimeter continuum fluxes. For the three disks where N 2 H + is detected, we find that a combination of high disk gas masses and subinterstellar C/H and O/H are needed to reproduce the observed values. We find increases of ∼10–100× previous mass estimates more » are required to match the observed line fluxes. This work highlights how multimolecular studies are essential for constraining the physical and chemical properties of the gas in populations of protoplanetary disks, and that CO isotopologues alone are not sufficient for determining the mass of many observed disks. « less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Award ID(s):
1910106
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10334116
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal
Volume:
927
Issue:
2
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
229
ISSN:
0004-637X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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