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Corrosion Behavior and Hardness of Binary Mg Alloys Produced via High-Energy Ball-Milling and Subsequent Spark Plasma SinteringIn this work, nine nanocrystalline binary Mg alloys were synthesized by high-energy ball milling. The compositions, Mg-5 wt% M (M-Cr, Ge, Mn, Mo, Ta, Ti, V, Y, and Zn), were milled with the objective of achieving non-equilibrium alloying. The milled alloys were consolidated via cold compaction (CC) at 25°C and spark plasma sintering (SPS) at 300°C. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis indicated grain refinement below 100 nm, and the scanning electron microscopy revealed homogeneous microstructures for all compositions. XRD analysis revealed that most of the alloys showed a change in the lattice parameter, which indicates the formation of a solid solution. A significant increase in the hardness compared to unmilled Mg was observed for all of the alloys. The corrosion behavior was improved in all of the binary alloys compared to milled Mg. A significant decrease in the cathodic kinetics was evident due to Ge and Zn additions. The influence of the alloying elements on corrosion behavior has been categorized and discussed based on the electrochemical response of their respective binary Mg alloys.
Room temperature facile synthesis of olivine-Co 2 SiO 4 nanoparticles utilizing a mechanochemical methodCo 2 SiO 4 is a ceramic pigment and promising battery material of significant technological interest, as well as a model end-member of one of the most important mineral families in the Earth's crust and upper mantle. All previously developed methods for synthesis of Co 2 SiO 4 require high-temperature processing, which promotes grain growth, while the nanocrystalline form is required for some important technological applications. Here, we report a successful method for synthesizing nanocrystalline Co 2 SiO 4 via a simple and inexpensive high-energy ball milling mechanochemical process. Products of the synthesis were characterized by a combination of XRD and TEM, and their crystal structures and elemental compositions are reported.
All-dry free radical polymerization inside nanopores: Ion-milling-enabled coating thickness profiling revealed “necking” phenomena
Conformal coating of nanopores with functional polymer nanolayers is the key to many emerging technologies such as miniature sensors and membranes for advanced molecular separations. While the polymer coatings are often used to introduce functional moieties, their controlled growth under nanoconfinement could serve as a new approach to manipulate the size and shape of coated nanopores, hence, enabling novel functions like molecular separation. However, precise control of coating thickness in the longitudinal direction of a nanopore is limited by the lack of a characterization method to profile coating thickness within the nanoconfined space. Here, we report an experimental approach that combines ion milling (IM) and high-resolution field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) for acquiring an accurate depth profile of ultrathin (∼20 nm or less) coatings synthesized inside nanopores via initiated chemical vapor deposition (iCVD). The enhanced capability of this approach stems from the excellent x–y resolution achieved by FESEM (i.e., 4.9 nm/pixel), robust depth ( z) control enabled by IM (step size as small as 100 nm with R2 = 0.992), and the statistical power afforded by high-throughput sampling (i.e., ∼2000 individual pores). With that capability, we were able to determine with unparalleled accuracy and precision the depth profile of coating thickness and iCVDmore »
Structural and mechanical properties of nanocrystalline Ga 2 O 3 films made by pulsed laser deposition onto transparent quartz substrates
This work reports on the correlation between structure, surface/interface morphology and mechanical properties of pulsed laser deposited (PLD)
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