skip to main content

Title: Age of Information Optimization in Multi-Channel Based Multi-Hop Wireless Networks
The proliferation of IoT devices, with various capabilities in sensing, monitoring, and controlling, has prompted diverse emerging applications, highly relying on effective delivery of sensitive information gathered at edge devices to remote controllers for timely responses. To effectively deliver such information/status updates, this paper undertakes a holistic study of AoI in multi-hop networks by considering the relevant and realistic factors, aiming for optimizing information freshness by rapidly shipping sensitive updates captured at a source to its destination. In particular, we consider the multi-channel with OFDM (orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing) spectrum access in multi-hop networks and develop a rigorous mathematical model to optimize AoI at destination nodes. Real-world factors, including orthogonal channel access, wireless interference, and queuing model, are taken into account for the very first time to explore their impacts on the AoI. To this end, we propose two effective algorithms where the first one approximates the optimal solution as closely as we desire while the second one has polynomial time complexity, with a guaranteed performance gap to the optimal solution. The developed model and algorithms enable in-depth studies on AoI optimization problems in OFDM-based multi-hop wireless networks. Numerical results demonstrate that our solutions enjoy better AoI performance and that AoI is affected markedly by those realistic factors taken into our consideration.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing
Page Range / eLocation ID:
1 to 15
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Many physical-layer security works in the literature rely on purely theoretical work or simulated results to establish the value of physical-layer security in securing communications. We consider the secrecy capacity of a wireless Gaussian wiretap channel using channel sounding measurements to analyze the potential for secure communication in a real-world scenario. A multi-input, multi-output, multi-eavesdropper (MIMOME) system is deployed using orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) over an 802.11n wireless network. Channel state information (CSI) measurements were taken in an indoor environment to analyze time-varying scenarios and spatial variations. It is shown that secrecy capacity is highly affected by environmental changes, such as foot traffic, network congestion, and propagation characteristics of the physical environment. We also present a numerical method for calculating MIMOME secrecy capacity in general and comment on the use of OFDM with regard to calculating secrecy capacity.

    more » « less
  2. A status updating system is considered in which a source updates a destination over an erasure channel. The utility of the updates is measured through a function of their age-of-information (AoI), which assesses their freshness. Correlated with the status updates is another process that needs to be kept private from the destination. Privacy is measured through a leakage function that depends on the amount and time of the status updates received: stale updates are more private than fresh ones. Different from most of the current AoI literature, a post-sampling waiting time is introduced in order to provide a privacy cover at the expense of AoI. More importantly, it is also shown that, depending on the leakage budget and the channel statistics, it can be useful to retransmit stale status updates following erasure events without resampling fresh ones. 
    more » « less
  3. Federated Learning (FL) over wireless multi-hop edge computing networks, i.e., multi-hop FL, is a cost-effective distributed on-device deep learning paradigm. This paper presents FedEdge simulator, a high-fidelity Linux-based simulator, which enables fast prototyping, sim-to-real code, and knowledge transfer for multi-hop FL systems. FedEdge simulator is built on top of the hardware-oriented FedEdge experimental framework with a new extension of the realistic physical layer emulator. This emulator exploits trace-based channel modeling and dynamic link scheduling to minimize the reality gap between the simulator and the physical testbed. Our initial experiments demonstrate the high fidelity of the FedEdge simulator and its superior performance on sim-to-real knowledge transfer in reinforcement learning -optimized multi-hop FL 
    more » « less
  4. null (Ed.)
    We study how to schedule data sources in a wireless time-sensitive information system with multiple heterogeneous and unreliable channels to minimize the total expected Age-of-Information (AoI). Although one could formulate this problem as a discrete-time Markov Decision Process (MDP), such an approach suffers from the curse of dimensionality and lack of insights. For single-channel systems, prior studies have developed lower-complexity solutions based on the Whittle index. However, Whittle index has not been studied for systems with multiple heterogeneous channels, mainly because indexability is not well defined when there are multiple dual cost values, one for each channel. To overcome this difficulty, we introduce new notions of partial indexability and partial index, which are defined with respect to one channel's cost, given all other channels' costs. We then combine the ideas of partial indices and max-weight matching to develop a Sum Weighted Index Matching (SWIM) policy, which iteratively updates the dual costs and partial indices. The proposed policy is shown to be asymptotically optimal in minimizing the total expected AoI, under a technical condition on a global attractor property. Extensive performance simulations demonstrate that the proposed policy offers significant gains over conventional approaches by achieving a near-optimal AoI. Further, the notion of partial index is of independent interest and could be useful for other problems with multiple heterogeneous resources. 
    more » « less
  5. Our everyday lives are impacted by the widespread adoption of wireless communication systems integral to residential, industrial, and commercial settings. Devices must be secure and reliable to support the emergence of large scale heterogeneous networks. Higher layer encryption techniques such as Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA/WPA2) are vulnerable to threats, including even the latest WPA3 release. Physical layer security leverages existing components of the physical or PHY layer to provide a low-complexity solution appropriate for wireless devices. This work presents a PHY layer encryption technique based on frequency induction for Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) signals to increase security against eavesdroppers. The secure transceiver consists of a key to frequency shift mapper, encryption module, and modified synchronizer for decryption. The system has been implemented on a Virtex-7 FPGA. The additional hardware overhead incurred on the Virtex-7 for both the transmitter and the receiver is low. Both simulation and hardware evaluation results demonstrate that the proposed system is capable of providing secure communication from an eavesdropper with no decrease in performance as compared with the baseline case of a standard OFDM transceiver. The techniques developed in this paper provide greater security to OFDM-based wireless communication systems. 
    more » « less