skip to main content

This content will become publicly available on July 11, 2023

Title: Threshold solutions for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation
We study the focusing NLS equation in $R\mathbb{R}^N$ in the mass-supercritical and energy-subcritical (or intercritical ) regime, with $H^1$ data at the mass-energy threshold $\mathcal{ME}(u_0)=\mathcal{ME}(Q)$, where Q is the ground state. Previously, Duyckaerts–Merle studied the behavior of threshold solutions in the $H^1$-critical case, in dimensions $N = 3, 4, 5$, later generalized by Li–Zhang for higher dimensions. In the intercritical case, Duyckaerts–Roudenko studied the threshold problem for the 3d cubic NLS equation. In this paper, we generalize the results of Duyckaerts–Roudenko for any dimension and any power of the nonlinearity for the entire intercritical range. We show the existence of special solutions, $Q^\pm$, besides the standing wave $e^{it}Q$, which exponentially approach the standing wave in the positive time direction, but differ in its behavior for negative time. We classify solutions at the threshold level, showing either blow-up occurs in finite (positive and negative) time, or scattering in both time directions, or the solution is equal to one of the three special solutions above, up to symmetries. Our proof extends to the $H^1$-critical case, thus, giving an alternative proof of the Li–Zhang result and unifying the critical and intercritical cases. These results are obtained by studying the linearized equation around the standing wave more » and some tailored approximate solutions to the NLS equation. We establish important decay properties of functions associated to the spectrum of the linearized Schrödinger operator, which, in combination with modulational stability and coercivity for the linearized operator on special subspaces, allows us to use a fixed-point argument to show the existence of special solutions. Finally, we prove the uniqueness by studying exponentially decaying solutions to a sequence of linearized equations. « less
; ;
Award ID(s):
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Revista Matemática Iberoamericana
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Abstract

    We consider the focusing energy-critical quintic nonlinear wave equation in 3D Euclidean space. It is known that this equation admits a one-parameter family of radial stationary solutions, called solitons, which can be viewed as a curve in $ \dot H^s_x({{\mathbb{R}}}^3) \times H^{s-1}_x({{\mathbb{R}}}^3)$, for any $s> 1/2$. By randomizing radial initial data in $ \dot H^s_x({{\mathbb{R}}}^3) \times H^{s-1}_x({{\mathbb{R}}}^3)$ for $s> 5/6$, which also satisfy a certain weighted Sobolev condition, we produce with high probability a family of radial perturbations of the soliton that give rise to global forward-in-time solutions of the focusing nonlinear wave equation that scatter after subtracting a dynamically modulated soliton. Our proof relies on a new randomization procedure using distorted Fourier projections associated to the linearized operator around a fixed soliton. To our knowledge, this is the 1st long-time random data existence result for a focusing wave or dispersive equation on Euclidean space outside the small data regime.

  2. Abstract We consider the $\mathbb {T}^{4}$ cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLS), which is energy-critical. We study the unconditional uniqueness of solutions to the NLS via the cubic Gross–Pitaevskii hierarchy, an uncommon method for NLS analysis which is being explored [24, 35] and does not require the existence of a solution in Strichartz-type spaces. We prove U - V multilinear estimates to replace the previously used Sobolev multilinear estimates. To incorporate the weaker estimates, we work out new combinatorics from scratch and compute, for the first time, the time integration limits, in the recombined Duhamel–Born expansion. The new combinatorics and the U - V estimates then seamlessly conclude the $H^{1}$ unconditional uniqueness for the NLS under the infinite-hierarchy framework. This work establishes a unified scheme to prove $H^{1}$ uniqueness for the $ \mathbb {R}^{3}/\mathbb {R}^{4}/\mathbb {T}^{3}/\mathbb {T}^{4}$ energy-critical Gross–Pitaevskii hierarchies and thus the corresponding NLS.
  3. In this paper, the first in a series, we study the deformed Hermitian-Yang-Mills (dHYM) equation from the variational point of view as an infinite dimensional GIT problem. The dHYM equation is mirror to the special Lagrangian equation, and our infinite dimensional GIT problem is mirror to Thomas' GIT picture for special Lagrangians. This gives rise to infinite dimensional manifold H closely related to Solomon's space of positive Lagrangians. In the hypercritical phase case we prove the existence of smooth approximate geodesics, and weak geodesics with C1,α regularity. This is accomplished by proving sharp with respect to scale estimates for the Lagrangian phase operator on collapsing manifolds with boundary. As an application of our techniques we give a simplified proof of Chen's theorem on the existence of C1,α geodesics in the space of Kähler metrics. In two follow up papers, these results will be used to examine algebraic obstructions to the existence of solutions to dHYM and special Lagrangians in Landau-Ginzburg models.
  4. Abstract In 1980 Carleson posed a question on the minimal regularity of an initial data function in a Sobolev space $H^s({\mathbb {R}}^n)$ that implies pointwise convergence for the solution of the linear Schrödinger equation. After progress by many authors, this was recently resolved (up to the endpoint) by Bourgain, whose counterexample construction for the Schrödinger maximal operator proved a necessary condition on the regularity, and Du and Zhang, who proved a sufficient condition. Analogues of Carleson’s question remain open for many other dispersive partial differential equations. We develop a flexible new method to approach such problems and prove that for any integer $k\geq 2$, if a degree $k$ generalization of the Schrödinger maximal operator is bounded from $H^s({\mathbb {R}}^n)$ to $L^1(B_n(0,1))$, then $s \geq \frac {1}{4} + \frac {n-1}{4((k-1)n+1)}.$ In dimensions $n \geq 2$, for every degree $k \geq 3$, this is the first result that exceeds a long-standing barrier at $1/4$. Our methods are number-theoretic, and in particular apply the Weil bound, a consequence of the truth of the Riemann Hypothesis over finite fields.
  5. Consider the elastic scattering of a plane or point incident wave by an unbounded and rigid rough surface. The angular spectrum representation (ASR) for the time-harmonic Navier equation is derived in three dimensions. The ASR is utilized as a radiation condition to the elastic rough surface scattering problem. The uniqueness is proved through a Rellich-type identity for surfaces given by uniformly Lipschitz functions. In the case of flat surfaces with local perturbations, an equivalent variational formulation is deduced in a truncated bounded domain and the existence of solutions are shown for general incoming waves. The main ingredient of the proof is the radiating behavior of the Green tensor to the first boundary value problem of the Navier equation in a half-space.