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Title: Massively Parallel Algorithms for Distance Approximation and Spanners.
Over the past decade, there has been increasing interest in distributed/parallel algorithms for processing large-scale graphs. By now, we have quite fast algorithms---usually sublogarithmic-time and often poly(łogłog n)-time, or even faster---for a number of fundamental graph problems in the massively parallel computation (MPC) model. This model is a widely-adopted theoretical abstraction of MapReduce style settings, where a number of machines communicate in an all-to-all manner to process large-scale data. Contributing to this line of work on MPC graph algorithms, we present poly(łog k) ε poly(łogłog n) round MPC algorithms for computing O(k^1+o(1) )-spanners in the strongly sublinear regime of local memory. To the best of our knowledge, these are the first sublogarithmic-time MPC algorithms for spanner construction. As primary applications of our spanners, we get two important implications, as follows: -For the MPC setting, we get an O(łog^2łog n)-round algorithm for O(łog^1+o(1) n) approximation of all pairs shortest paths (APSP) in the near-linear regime of local memory. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first sublogarithmic-time MPC algorithm for distance approximations. -Our result above also extends to the Congested Clique model of distributed computing, with the same round complexity and approximation guarantee. This gives the first sub-logarithmic algorithm for more » approximating APSP in weighted graphs in the Congested Clique model. « less
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33rd ACM Symposium on Parallelism in Algorithms and Architectures (SPAA 2021)
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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