Exposure testing was performed on CoCrFeMnNi equiatomic high entropy alloy (HEA) produced via directed energy deposition additive manufacturing in NaNO3-KNO3(60–40 wt%) molten salt at 500 °C for 50 h to evaluate the corrosion performance and oxide film chemistry of the HEA. Potentiodynamic electrochemical corrosion testing, scanning electron microscopy, focused ion beam milling coupled with energy dispersive spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy were used to analyze the corrosion behavior and chemistry of the HEA/nitrate molten salt system. The CoCrFeMnNi HEA exhibited a higher passive current density during potentiodynamic polarization testing than steel alloys SS316L and 4130 and the high-Ni alloy 800 H in identical conditions. The oxide film was primarily composed of a (Mn,Co,Ni)Fe2O4spinel with a vertical plate-like morphology at the surface. Cr and Ni were found to be totally depleted at the outer surface of the oxide and dissolved in high concentrations in the molten salt. While Cr was expected to dissolve into the molten salt, the high concentration of dissolved Ni has not been observed with traditional alloys, suggesting that Ni is less stable in the spinel when Mn and Co are present.
This content will become publicly available on December 1, 2023
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- npj Materials Degradation
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- National Science Foundation
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