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Title: An Intelligently Designed AI for Structural Health Monitoring of a Reinforced Concrete Bridge
e. With recent advances in online sensing technology and high-performance computing, structural health monitoring (SHM) has begun to emerge as an automated approach to the real-time conditional monitoring of civil infrastructure. Ideal SHM strategies detect and characterize damage by leveraging measured response data to update physics-based finite element models (FEMs). When monitoring composite structures, such as reinforced concrete (RC) bridges, the reliability of FEM based SHM is adversely affected by material, boundary, geometric, and other model uncertainties. Civil engineering researchers have adapted popular artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to overcome these limitations, as AI has an innate ability to solve complex and ill-defined problems by leveraging advanced machine learning techniques to rapidly analyze experimental data. In this vein, this study employs a novel Bayesian estimation technique to update a coupled vehicle-bridge FEM for the purposes of SHM. Unlike existing AI based techniques, the proposed approach makes intelligent use of an embedded FEM model, thus reducing the parameter space while simultaneously guiding the Bayesian model via physics-based principles. To validate the method, bridge response data is generated from the vehicle-bridge FEM given a set of “true” parameters and the bias and standard deviation of the parameter estimates are analyzed. Additionally, the mean parameter estimates are used to solve the FEM model and the results are compared against the results obtained for “true” parameter values. A sensitivity study is also conducted to demonstrate methods for properly formulating model spaces to improve the Bayesian estimation routine. The study concludes with a discussion highlighting factors that need to be considered when leveraging experimental data to update FEMs of concrete structures using AI techniques.  more » « less
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The Concrete Industry in the Era of AI
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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