skip to main content

Title: Axial and helical thermally activated delayed fluorescence bicarbazole emitters: opposite modulation of circularly polarized luminescence through intramolecular charge-transfer dynamics
The rationalization of the molecular parameters that influence the intensity and sign of circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) for chiral emitters is a challenging task and remains of high interest for future chiral optoelectronic applications. In this report, we explore the design of novel chiral donor–acceptor structures based on C 2 -symmetric bicarbazole systems and compare the influence of the type of chirality, namely axial versus helical, and the electron withdrawing strength of the acceptor units on the resulting photophysical and CPL properties. By using carbonyl-based acceptors with both axial and helical electron donors, CP-Thermally Activated Delayed Fluoresence (TADF) can be obtained, whose efficiency depends on the dihedral angle between the carbazole moieties, related to the axial and helical chirality of the compounds. The latter also impacts the intensity of the CPL, which shows an opposite trend as a function of the polarity of the solvent, with a notably strong increase of the luminescence dissymmetry factor, g lum , for the helical donor–acceptor compounds related to a subtle reoarganization of the intramolecular charge-transfer process.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Award ID(s):
1855470
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10346706
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry C
Volume:
9
Issue:
35
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
11905 to 11914
ISSN:
2050-7526
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. While the development of chiral molecules displaying circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) has received considerable attention, the corresponding CPL intensity, g lum, hardly exceeds 10 −2 at the molecular level owing to the difficulty in optimizing the key parameters governing such a luminescence process. To address this challenge, we report here the synthesis and chiroptical properties of a new family of π-helical push–pull systems based on carbo[6]helicene, where the latter acts as either a chiral electron acceptor or a donor unit. This comprehensive experimental and theoretical investigation shows that the magnitude and relative orientation of the electric ( μe ) and magnetic (μ m ) dipole transition moments can be tuned efficiently with regard to the molecular chiroptical properties, which results in high g lum values, i.e. up to 3–4 × 10 −2 . Our investigations revealed that the optimized mutual orientation of the electric and magnetic dipoles in the excited state is a crucial parameter to achieve intense helicene-mediated exciton coupling, which is a major contributor to the obtained strong CPL. Finally, top-emission CP-OLEDs were fabricated through vapor deposition, which afforded a promising g El of around 8 × 10 −3 . These results bring about further molecular design guidelinesmore »to reach high CPL intensity and offer new insights into the development of innovative CP-OLED architectures.« less
  2. π-Helical push–pull dyes were prepared and their (chir)optical properties were investigated both experimentally and computationally. Specific fluorescent behaviour of bis-substituted system was observed with unprecedented solvent effect on the intensity of circularly polarized luminescence (CPL, dissymmetry factor decreasing from 10 −2 to 10 −3 with an increase in solvent polarity) that was linked to a change in symmetry of chiral excited state and suppression of interbranched exciton coupling. The results highlight the potential of CPL spectroscopy to study and provide a deeper understanding of electronic photophysical processes in chiral π-conjugated molecules.
  3. The Pd-catalyzed asymmetric α-arylation of carbonyl compounds is a valuable strategy to form benzylic stereocenters. However, the origin of the stereoselectivity of these reactions is poorly understood, and little is known about the reactivity of the putative diastereomeric arylpalladium enolate intermediates. To this end, we report the synthesis and characterization of a series of diphosphine-ligated arylpalladium fluoroenolate complexes, including complexes bearing a metal-bound, stereogenic carbon and an enantioenriched chiral diphosphine ligand. These complexes reductively eliminate to form chiral α-aryl-α-fluorooxindoles with enantioselectivities and rates that are relevant to those of the catalytic process with SEGPHOS as the ancillary ligand. Kinetic studies showed that the rate of reductive elimination is slightly slower than the rate of epimerization of the intermediate, causing the reductive elimination step to impart the greatest influence on the enantioselectivity. DFT calculations of these processes are consistent with these experimental rates and suggest that the minor diastereomer forms the major enantiomer of the product. The rates of reductive elimination from complexes containing a variety of electronically varied aryl ligands revealed the unusual trend that complexes bearing more electron-rich aryl ligands react faster than those bearing more electron-poor aryl ligands. Noncovalent Interaction (NCI) and Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) analyses ofmore »the transition-state structures for reductive elimination from the SEGPHOS-ligated complexes revealed key donor-acceptor interactions between the Pd center and the fluoroenolate fragment. These interactions stabilize the pathway to the major product enantiomer more strongly than they stabilize that to the minor enantiomer.« less
  4. Photoinduced nonequilibrium processes in nanoscale materials play key roles in photovoltaic and photocatalytic applications. This review summarizes recent theoretical investigations of excited state dynamics in metal halide perovskites (MHPs), carried out using a state-of-the-art methodology combining nonadiabatic molecular dynamics with real-time time-dependent density functional theory. The simulations allow one to study evolution of charge carriers at the ab initio level and in the time-domain, in direct connection with time-resolved spectroscopy experiments. Eliminating the need for the common approximations, such as harmonic phonons, a choice of the reaction coordinate, weak electron–phonon coupling, a particular kinetic mechanism, and perturbative calculation of rate constants, we model full-dimensional quantum dynamics of electrons coupled to semiclassical vibrations. We study realistic aspects of material composition and structure and their influence on various nonequilibrium processes, including nonradiative trapping and relaxation of charge carriers, hot carrier cooling and luminescence, Auger-type charge–charge scattering, multiple excitons generation and recombination, charge and energy transfer between donor and acceptor materials, and charge recombination inside individual materials and across donor/acceptor interfaces. These phenomena are illustrated with representative materials and interfaces. Focus is placed on response to external perturbations, formation of point defects and their passivation, mixed stoichiometries, dopants, grain boundaries, and interfaces ofmore »MHPs with charge transport layers, and quantum confinement. In addition to bulk materials, perovskite quantum dots and 2D perovskites with different layer and spacer cation structures, edge passivation, and dielectric screening are discussed. The atomistic insights into excited state dynamics under realistic conditions provide the fundamental understanding needed for design of advanced solar energy and optoelectronic devices.« less
  5. The significance of multiple number of donor-acceptor entities on a central electron donor in a star-shaped molecular system in improving light energy harvesting ability is reported. For this, donor-acceptor-donor type conjugates comprised up to three entities ferrocenyl (Fc)-diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) onto a central triphenylamine (TPA), (4-6) by the Pd-catalyzed Sonogashira cross–coupling reactions have been newly synthesized and characterized. Donor-acceptor conjugates possessing diketopyrrolopyrrole (1 to 3 entities) onto the central triphenylamine, (1-3) served as reference dyads while monomeric DPP and Fc-DPP served as control compounds. Both DPP and Fc-DPP carrying conjugates exhibited red-shifted absorption compared to their respective control compounds revealing existence of ground state interactions. Furthermore, DPP fluorescence in 4-6 was found to be quantitatively quenched while for 1-3, this property varied between 73-65% suggesting occurrence moderate amounts of excited state events. The electrochemical investigations exhibited an additional low potential oxidation in the case of Fc-DPP-TPA based derivatives (4-6) owing to the presence of ferrocene unit(s). This was in addition to DPP and TPA redox peaks. Using spectral, electrochemical and computational studies, Gibbs free-energy calculations were performed to visualize excited state charge separation (GCS) in these donor-acceptor conjugates as a function of different number of Fc-DPP entities. Formation of Fc+-DPP•--TPA chargemore »separated states (CSS) in the case of 4-6 was evident. Using spectroelectrochemical studies, spectrum of CSS was deduced. Finally, femtosecond transient absorption spectral studies were performed to gather information on excited state charge separation. Increasing the number of Fc-DPP entities in 4-6 improved charge separation rates. Surprisingly, lifetime of the charge separated state, Fc+-DPP•--TPA was found to persist longer with an increase in the number of Fc-DPP entities in 4-6 as compared to Fc-DPP-control and simple DPP derived donor-acceptor conjugates in literature. This unprecedented result has been attributed to subtle changes in GCS and GCR and the associated electron coupling between different entities.« less