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Title: Discovery of 22 GHz Water Masers in the Serpens South Region
Abstract Using the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA), we have conducted a survey for 22 GHz, 6 1,6 –5 2,3 H 2 O masers toward the Serpens South region. The masers were also observed with the Very Long Baseline Array following the VLA detections. We detect for the first time H 2 O masers in the Serpens South region that are found to be associated to three Class 0–Class I objects, including the two brightest protostars in the Serpens South cluster, known as CARMA-6 and CARMA-7. We also detect H 2 O masers associated to a source with no outflow or jet features. We suggest that this source is most probably a background asymptotic giant branch star projected in the direction of Serpens South. The spatial distribution of the emission spots suggest that the masers in the three Class 0–Class I objects emerge very close to the protostars and are likely excited in shocks driven by the interaction between a protostellar jet and the circumstellar material. Based on the comparison of the distributions of bolometric luminosity of sources hosting 22 GHz H 2 O masers and 162 young stellar objects covered by our observations, we identify a limit more » of L Bol ≈ 10 L ⊙ for a source to host water masers. However, the maser emission shows strong variability in both intensity and velocity spread, and therefore masers associated to lower-luminosity sources may have been missed by our observations. We also report 11 new sources with radio continuum emission at 22 GHz. « less
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The Astronomical Journal
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National Science Foundation
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